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Public Safety

Public safety administration 4

Kim Daejung Government
 
1. Organizational Changes
New organizations were introduced into the police organization under the Kim Daejung administration in a concerted effort to fight and reduce crime. These included the Cyberterrorism Center, the Narcotics Investigation Division, and the White-Collar Crime Investigation Division. In the meantime, the Investigation Division in the Investigation Bureau, a long-time subject of political controversies, was finally abolished in a move that drastically reduced the political influence of the police. The tendency to downsize the police security apparatus, which began in the Sixth Republic, continued in this period.
 
2. Functional Changes
The Kim Daejung administration introduced 28 new tasks into the police organization, 29 percent of which pertained to maintaining social order; 29 percent, to enhancing efficiency; 21 percent, to reducing crime; and 7 percent to improving traffic safety and ensuring fair distribution of police resources each.


The increased concern with fair distribution of police resources and providing greater services for the socially weak and marginalized was evident in the reintroduction of the Women’s Service Office in the Patrolling Instruction Division on May 23, 2011. The new office was equipped with one Chief Superintendent, two inspectors, and two lieutenants.


Cybercrime and terrorism were introduced as new targets of police control, and analyses began to be undertaken in the area of international drug trafficking. In the meantime, the categories of special and criminal law violations and white-collar crimes began to include other crimes like economic or electoral frauds and crimes related to government employees, food, the natural environment, firearms, cultural properties, smuggling, and military service.


The importance of maintaining social order was stressed by this administration as well, evident in the addition of “managing collective incidents, such as assemblies and demonstrations” to the list of existing police duties. Despite the abolition of one counter-communism division, the police organization by and large retained the same roles and tasks as before. Notwithstanding the many contributions the police made to ensuring national security, the police security apparatus continued to be resistant to citizen control and watch, continuing the clandestine nature of its operations. This emphasis on secrecy, in turn, led to the public’s questioning of the legitimacy of police security operations, and kept the police distant from civil society (Kim, 2006).
 
 Changes in the Police Organization under the Kim Daejung Administration

[Figure 2-8] Changes in the Police Organization under the Kim Daejung Administration
 
[Table 2-19] Police Principles and Aims under the Kim Daejung Administration 
 Police Principles and Aims under the Kim Daejung Administration

 
 
[Table 2-20] Changes in Police Functions and Tasks under the Kim Daejung Administration 
 Changes in Police Functions and Tasks under the Kim Daejung Administration 1

Changes in Police Functions and Tasks under the Kim Daejung Administration 2


Source: Korea Institute of Public Administration. 2008. Korean Public Administration, 1948-2008, Edited by Korea Institute of Public Administration. Pajubookcity: Bobmunsa.