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Will you work less, mommy? The effect of air pollution on labor supply in South Korea

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Frame of Image er Series Index: http://www.kdischool.ac.kr/new/eng/faculty/working.jsp The Social Science Network Electronic Paper Collection: http://ssrn.com/abstract=3588230 * We are grateful to the KDI School of Public Policy and Management for providing financial support.
Will You Work Less, Mommy? The Effect of Air Pollution on Labor Supply in South Korea
Ahram Han KDI School of Public Policy and Management 263 Namsejong-ro, Sejong, South Korea 30149 Tel: +82 10 4665 1637; Email: arhan16@kdis.ac.kr Taejong Kim KDI School of Public Policy and Management 263 Namsejong-ro, Sejong, South Korea 30149 Tel: +82 44 550 1085; Email: tjkim@kdischool.ac.kr Gi Khan Ten KDI School of Public Policy and Management 263 Namsejong-ro, Sejong, Korea Tel: +82 10 8985 7455; Email: ten.andrey@kdis.ac.kr Shun Wang KDI School of Public Policy and Management 263 Namsejong-ro, Sejong, Korea Tel: +82 44 550 1109; Email: swang@kdis.ac.kr Abstract: We investigate whether air pollution affects labor supply in South Korea. To address endogeneity in the level of local air pollution, we utilize plausibly exogenous changes in wind directions as instruments. This choice is based on the observation that air pollution in South Korea is affected by spillovers from the neighboring countries, mediated by wind directions. We find that mothers reduce working hours in response to the worsening air quality, and the impact attenuates, as children grow. Children’s vulnerability to the air pollutants and mothers’ role as the princi


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Title Will you work less, mommy? The effect of air pollution on labor supply in South Korea
Similar Titles
Material Type Report
Author(English)

Han, Aharam; Kim, Taejong; Ten, Gi Khan; Wang, Shun

Publisher

[Sejong] : KDI School of Public Policy and Management

Date 2020-04
Series Title; No KDI School Working Paper Series / 20-15
Pages 35
Subject Country South Korea(Asia and Pacific)
Language English
File Type Documents
Original Format pdf
Subject Territorial Development < Environment
Holding KDI School of Public Policy and Management
License

Abstract

We investigate whether air pollution affects the labor supply in South Korea. To address endogeneity in the level of local air pollution, we utilize plausibly exogenous changes in wind directions as instruments. This choice is based on the observation that air pollution in South Korea is affected by spillovers from the neighboring countries, mediated by wind directions. We find that mothers reduce working hours in response to the worsening air quality, and the impact attenuates, as children grow. Children’s vulnerability to the air pollutants and mothers’ role as the principal caregiver is the probable reason that drives the results.