The role of health-care in economic development has received increasing attention in recent years with the recognition of poor health as a primary cause of household impoverishment. According to research undertaken by the World Health Organization (WHO) in 2000, health-related impoverishment is derived from a lack of risk pooling and proper insurance system.
Health is at the heart of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), which recognizes that health is central to the global agenda of reducing poverty, as well as an important measure of human well-being. The challenge is to develop health strategies that respond to the diverse and evolving needs of developing countries.
A wave of health insurance initiatives has swept across Africa, Asia, and Latin America and compulsory social health insurance has become a popular approach to health care reform in many developing countries. An effective health insurance system is one that not only includes sufficient benefits, but is also affordable and sustainable over time. Moreover, it must stay within the capacity of health systems so that its implementation and regulation can be assured high quality.
Although the health insurance offered in developed countries are evaluated as successes, there are many unsatisfactory aspects which require improvement. Meanwhile, underdeveloped countries are striving to implement their own health care systems, repeating a process of much trial and error that advanced countries have already experienced.
In this light, this session seeks to portray the experiences of Korea, Japan and the World Bank in the field of health insurance, and to share the implications that can be learned. They are expected to review theories and to analyze how health insurance systems have been designed and implemented at each stage of development. The participants will learn how having an effective health insurance system contributes to promoting the sustainable and broad-based national development.
|Moderator||Phil Karp, World Bank|
|Speakers||Aparnaa Somanathan, Senior Health Economist, World Bank|
|Jin Soo Kim, the Korea Institute for Health and Social Affairs|
|Masako Ii, Professor, Hitotsubashi University|
Program Schedule: in Seoul Time (11:30-14:00 / 04 December 2012)
|11:30-11:33||Opening & introduction of program||Phil Karp (Moderator)|
Head of the World Bank
East Asia and Pacific
|11:37-11:43||Introduction of participants at each site||
Phil Karp (Moderator)
|Session 1: World Bank|
|11:43-11:45||Introduction of speaker||Local facilitator|
|11:45-12:05 (20 min.)||World Bank||Aparnaa Somanathan|
|12:05-12:20 (15 min.)||
Q&A Session on presentation of
|Facilitated by Phil Karp|
|Session 2: Korea’s case study|
|12:20-12:22||Introduction of speaker||Local facilitator|
|12:22-12:42 (20 min.)||Korea’s case study||Jin Soo Kim|
|12:42-12:57 (15 min.)||Q&A Session on Korea’s case study||Facilitated by Phil Karp|
|Session 3: Japan’s case study|
|12:57-12:59||Introduction of speaker||Local facilitator|
|12:59-13:19 (20 min.)||Japan’s case study||Masako Ii|
|13:19-13:34 (15 min.)||Q&A Session on Japan’s case study||Facilitated by Phil Karp|
|13:34-13:57 (23 min.)||Q&A Session on presentations of World Bank, Korea, and Japan||Facilitated by Phil Karp|
|13:57-14:00||Wrap-up discussion, conclusion and closing||Phil Karp (Moderator)|