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Secondary school equalization policies in South Korea

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Frame of Image at replaced competitive entrance examinations with random assignments of students for all secondary schools, public or private. Also, the government subsidized private schools so that their teachers’ salaries were equal to those in public schools. This policy contributed to the tremendous expansion of secondary school enrollments. But, competition for better schools and private tutoring has not decreased. Meanwhile, the lack of diversity and competition among secondary schools created very little incentives for schools to respond to the need of students and their parents. Key words: educational policy, equal education, private tutoring, entrance examinations, secondary education.
Secondary School Equalization Policies in South Korea 1. Introduction The policy of providing equal and free education is a noble goal.1 However, the goal of educational equity should be examined in the context of other considerations, such as method of determining access (e.g., open access, residence requirement, or admissions test), cost to students, cost to the public, and financing mechanism.2 In developing countries in which public resources available for education is not so plentiful, the questions like how to allocate scarce public resources across different levels of education or to what extent the education in different levels should be made equal is one of the most challenging problems that education policy makers are faced with today.3 It is an important policy choice as the equal and free


Full Text
Title Secondary school equalization policies in South Korea
Similar Titles
Material Type Reports
Author(English)

Kim, Sunwoong; Lee, Ju-Ho

Publisher

Seoul:KDI school of Public Policy and Management

Date 2002-03
Pages 45
Subject Country South Korea(Asia and Pacific)
Language English
File Type Documents
Original Format pdf
Subject Social Development < Education
Holding KDI; KDI School

Abstract

In response to rising competition for better schools and private tutoring, South Korea adopted an equalization policy that replaced competitive entrance examinations with random assignments of students for all secondary schools, public or private. Also, the government subsidized private schools so that their teachers’ salaries were equal to those in public schools. This policy contributed to the tremendous expansion of secondary school enrollments. But, competition for better schools and private tutoring has not decreased. Meanwhile, the lack of diversity and competition among secondary schools created very little incentives for schools to respond to the need of students and their parents.