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Hierarchy and market competition in South Korea's higher education sector

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Frame of Image r. In 1960, the number of students enrolled in higher educational institutions in Korea was only about 100,000. Forty-two years later in 2002, the enrollment has increased to more than 3.5 million.1 More than 70% of the high school graduates advance to some sort of higher education institution. As of April 2002, there are 159 2-year technical colleges (colleges hereafter) and 163 4-year colleges and universities (universities hereafter) in Korea. In addition, there are 11 4-year national teachers’ universities,2 and 19 4-year technical universities. In contrast to the government's commitment to public education in primary and secondary schools, Korea's higher education is predominantly private.3 Out of 159 colleges, 143 institutions are private, and out of 163 regular universities, 137 are private. 11 of the 19 technical universities are also private. Excluding more than 300,000 students in the Korea National Open University, there are 2 million students are enrolled in 4-year universities, and about three quarters of them are in private schools. At the same time, about one million students are enrolled in colleges, and more than 95% of them are in private institutions. In terms of expenditure, Korea spends about 2.51% of GDP in higher education in 1998, and the figure is one of the highest in the OECD countries. However, the government's share is only 16.7%, and it is the lowest among them (OECD, 2002). Most of government expenditure in higher education in Korea is disbursed


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Title Hierarchy and market competition in South Korea's higher education sector
Similar Titles
Material Type Reports
Author(English)

Kim, Sunwoong

Publisher

[Seoul]:KDI school of Public Policy and Management

Date 2003
Series Title; No Working paper series / 03-04
Pages 29
Subject Country South Korea(Asia and Pacific)
Language English
File Type Documents
Original Format pdf
Subject Social Development < Education
Holding KDI school of Public Policy and Management