Seoul-Inchon axis metropolitan areas and Tokyo-Yokohama axis metropolitan areas have similar historical, geographical, social, and environmental characteristics. Those similarities are worth to compare two countries’ urban development processes and
performances. As an advanced country, Japan has experienced urban growth earlier than
Korea. As an inevitable consequence, they have accumulated more trials and errors to enhance the urban development projects. Especially, as the most important point of Japanese
urban development, by encouraging participation of residents and land users, Japan has maximized efficiency of urban amenities and total social welfares. Japanese central and local governments continuously have informed the necessity of participation and holding joint
liability for the results of development projects. This policy has secured higher cooperation level and fairer distribution of performances through intimately designed process for each
participant such as government, company and citizens.
This study aims to examine the superiorities of Japanese urban development processes and urge introduction those advantages to Seoul-Inchon axis urban development cases. As supporting evidences, four selected cases; green zoning policy of Tokyo metropolitan area, G30 Yokohama waste management plan, Machizkuri movement, and the mixed use urban development policy are utilized. Actually, as the reason of selection, the success factors of Japanese cases are solutions for headaches of Seoul-Inchon axis urban development projects
such as Greenbelt around Seoul metropolitan area, waste management system of Inchon city, Yong San Tragedy caused by government’s negligence to opinions of residents, and seriously high vacancy rate of Yong Jong city by its lack of varieties.
Through various kinds of analytical tools and theories based upon back bone framework: Comparative Case Study, the study strongly support the argument that Seoul-Inchon Axis urban development processes should adopt the citizen participatory policy of
Tokyo-Yokohama axis urban development processes for the efficiency and bigger total social welfares.
Comparative case study
Tokyo-Yokohama axis urban development projects and its implications for Seoul-Inchon axis urban development projects
[Seoul]:KDI School of Public Policy and Management
|Subject Country||Japan(Asia and Pacific)
South Korea(Asia and Pacific)
|Subject||Territorial Development < National Land Development|
|Holding||KDI School of Public Policy and Management|