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Educational differentials in the risk of divorce and their trends across marriage cohorts of Korean

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Frame of Image vorce has changed across three marriage cohorts of women who married in the 1970s, 1980s, and 1990s, after taking into account various individual controls. The result from the Cox proportional hazard models of the divorce risk shows that the association between educational attainment and divorce has become more negative for younger marriage cohorts. In other words, divorce is increasingly concentrated among women with lower e d u c a t i o n a l attainment than among their counterpart with higher education. We discuss i m p l i c a t i o n s of the growing concentration of divorce among low-educated women for socioeconomic differentials in children’s education and well-being. Key Words: Divorce, Educational Differentials, Korea Background Studies in several industrial countries such as the United States and Japan have found that divorce is increasingly concentrated among women with lower educational attainment than among their counterpart with a higher education (Martin 2004; Castro Martin and Bumpass 1989; Raymo, Iwasawa, and Bumpass 2004). The growing concentration of divorce among low e d u c a t e d women has important implications for educational and social inequality across generations, to the extent that marital disruption due to divorce is negatively associated with children’s schooling and other indicators of well-being (Amato 2000; McLanahan and Sandefur
* This paper was presented at the 1st KLoWF conference, Seoul, Korea, December 4, 2008. D i r e c t correspondenc


Full Text
Title Educational differentials in the risk of divorce and their trends across marriage cohorts of Korean
Similar Titles
Material Type Articles
Author(English)

Park, Hyunjoon; Raymo, James; Creighton, Mathew

Publisher

[Seoul]:The Korean Women's Development Institute

Date 2009
Journal Title; Vol./Issue GSPR:vol. 2
Pages 12
Subject Country South Korea(Asia and Pacific)
Language English
File Type Documents
Original Format pdf
Subject Social Development < Education
Social Development < Gender
Holding KWDI; KDI School

Abstract

Little research in Korea has systematically examined trends in the risk of marital dissolution,
especially trends in educational differentials in divorce. Using individual-level data from the
Korean Longitudinal Survey of Women and Family (KLoWF), we investigate how the association between education and divorce has changed across three marriage cohorts of women who married in the 1970s, 1980s, and 1990s, after taking into account various individual
controls. The result from the Cox proportional hazard models of the divorce risk shows that the
association between educational attainment and divorce has become more negative for younger marriage cohorts. In other words, divorce is increasingly concentrated among women with lower educational attainment than among their counterpart with higher education. We discuss
implications of the growing concentration of divorce among low-educated women for
socioeconomic differentials in children’s education and well-being.

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