In an attempt to explore whether the recent increase in divorce implies transformations in the
foundation of the family, this study looks into the roles of women’s employment in the process of marital dissolution using data from the first wave of Korean Longitudinal Survey of Women
and Family (KLoWF). The research questions involve the effects of women’s employment on the incidence of divorce or separation and on living arrangement with their children after divorce or separation. The first analysis focuses on employment characteristics at the time of marriage, and the findings suggest a rather complex relationship with marital stability. A wife’s stable
white collar jobs decrease, but non-standard jobs increase marital dissolution. Quitting jobs at marriage also decreases marital dissolution. It appears that women work outside home to
maximize the benefits for the family but in limited circumstances it may facilitate to break away from the bad marriages. Divorced mothers’ irregular employment slightly increases the chance of living apart from at least one child, suggesting that irregular employment does not provide
incomes to maintain the family.