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Roles of women's employment in a divorce process : An exploratory research with the KLoWF data

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Frame of Image nt on the incidence of divorce or separation and on living arrangement with their children after divorce or separation. The first analysis focuses on employment characteristics at the time of marriage, and the findings suggest a rather complex relationship with marital stability. A wife’s stable white collar jobs decrease, but non-standard jobs increase marital dissolution. Quitting jobs at marriage also decreases marital dissolution. It appears that women work outside home to maximize the benefits for the family but in limited circumstances it may facilitate to break away from the bad marriages. Divorced mothers’ irregular employment slightly increases the chance of living apart from at least one child, suggesting that irregular employment does not provide incomes to maintain the family. The crude divorce rate had increased dramatically during the late 1990s and early 2000s, reaching the peak 3.6% in 2003. Although it has slightly declined since then, the rate remains m u c h higher than a decade before. At the same time, in the past few decades women’s educational attainment has increased dramatically and various social measures have been taken place to enhance gender equality, including, most notably, the abolition of the family registration system. In such a context, one wonders if an increase in divorce reflects a transformation in the foundation of marriage from a strictly gender-segregated institution to a more gender-egalitarian one. Motivated by such a broad inquiry,


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Title Roles of women's employment in a divorce process
Similar Titles
Sub Title

An exploratory research with the KLoWF data

Material Type Articles
Author(English)

Lee, Yean-Ju

Publisher

[Seoul]:The Korean Women's Development Institute

Date 2009
Journal Title; Vol./Issue GSPR:vol. 2
Pages 16
Subject Country South Korea(Asia and Pacific)
Language English
File Type Documents
Original Format pdf
Subject Social Development < Employment
Social Development < Gender
Holding KWDI; KDI School

Abstract

In an attempt to explore whether the recent increase in divorce implies transformations in the
foundation of the family, this study looks into the roles of women’s employment in the process of marital dissolution using data from the first wave of Korean Longitudinal Survey of Women
and Family (KLoWF). The research questions involve the effects of women’s employment on the incidence of divorce or separation and on living arrangement with their children after divorce or separation. The first analysis focuses on employment characteristics at the time of marriage, and the findings suggest a rather complex relationship with marital stability. A wife’s stable
white collar jobs decrease, but non-standard jobs increase marital dissolution. Quitting jobs at marriage also decreases marital dissolution. It appears that women work outside home to
maximize the benefits for the family but in limited circumstances it may facilitate to break away from the bad marriages. Divorced mothers’ irregular employment slightly increases the chance of living apart from at least one child, suggesting that irregular employment does not provide
incomes to maintain the family.

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