With the recognition that Korea’s labor demand structure would change in accordance with the evolving conditions of the domestic and overseas environment, the study analyzes industrial development and changes in the industrial workforce demand in economically advanced countries in order to explore ways forward for Korea’s industrial workforce policy direction.
When the five year economic development plan was first implemented in early 1960s, Korea’s unemployment rate was higher than 8 percent, and nearly 63 percent of the population was engaged in the agriculture, fisheries and forestry industries. As of 1991, the situation has changed significantly. Although there is still a high unemployment rate of 2.3 percent, 26.6 percent of the population work in the manufacturing sector and only 16.7 percent in agriculture, fisheries and forestry.
Up until the mid-1970s, the market was not modernized and a significant number of workers transitioned from agricultural regions to cities, supplying the labor required for industrialization. However, the situation changed at the end of the 1980s, when labor management disputes intensified and wages increased, resulting in labor shortages. Moreover, as the external environment evolves, particularly in terms of export competitiveness and trade markets, the industrial structure also has to be developed, and demand for skilled workers will increase significantly, causing the issue of labor shortage remain unsolved.
However, if we examine the human resource development structure of Korea, university professors who can nurture industry professionals are not experienced, and the current education system does not reflect the on-going changes in the industrial environment, failing to supply quality talent. Companies also lack internal experience for in-house staff training, and staff training is also not catching up with industrial demand. Measures should be taken to encourage part-time employment to utilize idle workforce, establish institutes for nurturing skilled workforce, and promote linkage between enterprises and universities and provide support for education and training.
인력수요구조변화와 산업인력 정책방향(Changes in Labor demand structure and policy directions for industrial workforce)
|Subject Country||South Korea(Asia and Pacific)|
|Subject||Social Development < Employment|
|Holding||KIET; KDI School|