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The operation of the environmental charging system in Korea

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Frame of Image epublic of Korea Korea Environment Institute (KEI) Man Ok Kang, Korea Environment Institute Byung-In Lim, Professor, Chungbuk National University Hae Inn Heo, Assistant Junior Official, Environmental Industry Team (ME) Ji Hae Lee, Action Officer, Environmental Industry Team (ME) Myung Hun Cho, Officer Director, Youngsan River Environmental Management (ME) Young Sung Yu, Senior Research Fellow, Gyeonggi Research Institute Moon Suk Chang, Section Chief, EPR Operation Team, Korea Environment Corporation
Research Management
Korea Development Institute (KDI) School of Public Policy and Management
Supported by
Ministry of Strategy and Finance (MOSF), Republic of Korea
Government Publications Registration Number 11-1051000-000236-01 ISBN 978-89-93695-80-9 94320 ISBN 978-89-93695-27-4 [SET 40] Copyright © 2012 by Ministry of Strategy and Finance, Republic of Korea
Government Publications Registration Number 11-1051000-000236-01
Knowledge Sharing Program
2011 Modularization of Korea’s Development Experience
The Operation of the Environmental Charging System in Korea
Preface
The study of Korea’s economic and social transformation offers a unique opportunity to better understand the factors that drive development. Within one generation, Korea had transformed itself from a poor agrarian society to a modern industrial nation, a feat never seen before. What makes Korea’s experience so unique is that its rapid economic development was relatively broad-based, meaning that the fruits of Korea


Full Text
Title The operation of the environmental charging system in Korea
Similar Titles
Project Category Development Cases
Material Type Reports
Author(English)

Kang, Man Ok

Publisher

Seoul:Korea Environment Institute

Date 2012
Project Development Cases
Series Title; No Knowledge Sharing Program: KSP Modularization
ISBN 978-89-93695-80-9; 978-89-93695-27-4 [SET 40]
Pages 106
Subject Country South Korea(Asia and Pacific)
Language English
File Type Documents
Original Format pdf
Subject Territorial Development < Environment
Holding KDI School of Public Policy and Management
Supervisor KDI School of Public Policy and Management
Organizer Ministry of Environment; Korea Environment Institute
Sponsor Ministry of Strategy and Finance
Project Term 2011-01-01 ~ 2011-12-31

Abstract

Compared to the advanced nations where industry is well developed, developing nations have serious environmental pollutions but have weak administrative bases to execute environmental policies in order to improve the situation. Developing nations usually possess abundant natural environments, but air and water quality is deteriorating and the generation of wastes is increasing in the process of economic development, thus facing serious environmental pollutions. Due to people’s poor environmental awareness and the government’s policy of prioritizing economic development, it is difficult to implement policies to improve environment.
In Korea, problem of environmental pollution was serious in the process of economic development. Much financial investment was needed to solve the problem of environmental pollutions such as air pollution, water pollution, waste and so forth; however, related financial source was not enough. Therefore, various environmental charging systems were introduced based on the principle of charging on polluters and benefiters being conducted in advanced nations and necessary financial sources were prepared to improve the environment and invest in the basic environmental facilities. (The rest omitted)