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산재보험제도의 구축과 운영(Development and operation of workers' compensation insurance scheme in S. Korea)

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Title 산재보험제도의 구축과 운영(Development and operation of workers' compensation insurance scheme in S. Korea)
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Project Category Development Cases
Material Type Reports
Author(Korean)

김장기; 윤조덕

Publisher

서울:KDI 국제정책대학원

Date 2012
Project Development Cases
Series Title; No Knowledge Sharing Program: 경제발전경험 모듈화 사업
ISBN 978-89-93695-16-8; 978-89-93695-06-9(전40권)
Pages 80
Subject Country South Korea(Asia and Pacific)
Language Korean
File Type Documents
Original Format pdf
Subject Social Development < Health
Holding KDI 국제정책대학원
Supervisor KDI 국제정책대학원
Organizer 고용기획재정부노동부; 근로복지공단 산재보험연구센터
Sponsor 기획재정부
Project Term 2011-01-01 ~ 2011-12-31

Abstract

The introduction of workers’ compensation insurance (“WCI”) scheme in South Korea (“S. Korea”) dates back to the time when a military junta, so-called Supreme Council for National Reconstruction (“SCNR”) pushed a new governmental regime through, not so long since the end of the Korean War. At that time, few people had an understanding of the scheme. Majority of Koreans did not expect that it would significantly contribute to the development of the economy. Rather, many of them went as far as to believe that the Government tried to use it to compensate for deficient budgets.
Though it was almost impossible to collect even the premiums, a standing advisory council under the SCNR decided to introduce the scheme in 1964 to protect both employers and industrially-injured workers (“IIWs”), an act of reckless courage.
The scheme, as the first social insurance scheme ever introduced in S. Korea, is characterized by “no-fault” rule and public liability, functioning as policy insurance with limited compensation liability. (The rest omitted)

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