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환경부담금 제도 운영(The operation of the environmental charging system in Korea)

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Title 환경부담금 제도 운영(The operation of the environmental charging system in Korea)
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Project Category Development Cases
Material Type Reports
Author(Korean)

강만옥

Publisher

서울:KDI 국제정책대학원

Date 2012
Project Development Cases
Series Title; No Knowledge Sharing Program: 경제발전경험 모듈화 사업
ISBN 978-89-93695-61-8; 978-89-93695-06-9 (전40권)
Pages 86
Subject Country South Korea(Asia and Pacific)
Language Korean
File Type Documents
Original Format pdf
Subject Territorial Development < Environment
Holding KDI 국제정책대학원
Supervisor KDI 국제정책대학원
Organizer 환경부; 한국환경정책평가연구원
Sponsor 기획재정부
Project Term 2011-01-01 ~ 2011-12-31

Abstract

Compared to the advanced nations where industry is well developed, developing nations have serious environmental pollutions but have weak administrative bases to execute environmental policies in order to improve the situation. Developing nations usually possess abundant natural environments, but air and water quality is deteriorating and the generation of wastes is increasing in the process of economic development, thus facing serious environmental pollutions. Due to people’s poor environmental awareness and the government’s policy of prioritizing economic development, it is difficult to implement policies to improve environment.
In Korea, problem of environmental pollution was serious in the process of economic development. Much financial investment was needed to solve the problem of environmental pollutions such as air pollution, water pollution, waste and so forth; however, related financial source was not enough. Therefore, various environmental charging systems were introduced based on the principle of charging on polluters and benefiters being conducted in advanced nations and necessary financial sources were prepared to improve the environment and invest in the basic environmental facilities. (The rest omitted)

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