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Determining factors and their interdependence in the distribution of household labor between married couples

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Frame of Image ch makes use of the thirdyear Korean Longitudinal Survey of Women and Family (KLoWF) and segmented an individual’s time into market labor, household labor, and leisure activities. According to the findings, the substitute effect between domestic labor and market labor of women was significantly weakened, and their husbands’ time allocation had a minimal impact on women’s time allocation. However, men’s time allocation was greatly influenced by their wives’ time allocation. Competition between husband and wife over housework was not detected, but both husband and wife placed additional time into housework when the amount of necessary household labor increased. This suggests that the burden of domestic labor, including care work, is not transferred from women to men but is replaced by marketization. Keywords: Couples’ time allocation, Non-market labor, Endogeneity, Two-stage estimation procedure, Marketization
I. Issues
Decisions made by the individual family members constituting a household are unlikely to be independent from one another. In general, roles are shared among household members and are based on common goals. When young children who require focused care are involved, the conventional assumption is that family members make determinations such as one of the parents leaving the workforce or asking a grandparent to provide childcare. In relation to issues of familial care, consumption, and savings, some division of roles is a common practice among family mem-
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Title Determining factors and their interdependence in the distribution of household labor between married couples
Similar Titles
Material Type Articles
Author(English)

Hwang, Soo-kyeong

Publisher

Seoul:Korea Women’s Development Institute

Date 2012-07
Journal Title; Vol./Issue Gender Studies and Policy Review:vol.5
Pages 22
Subject Country South Korea(Asia and Pacific)
Language English
File Type Documents
Original Format pdf
Subject Social Development < Gender
Holding KDI School

Abstract

Assuming that couples’ time allocation decisions are not independent activities, this research
has examined the determining factors of time allocation and their interdependence by using a
simultaneous equations model. The empirical portion of the research makes use of the thirdyear
Korean Longitudinal Survey of Women and Family (KLoWF) and segmented an individual’s
time into market labor, household labor, and leisure activities. According to the findings, the
substitute effect between domestic labor and market labor of women was significantly weakened,
and their husbands’ time allocation had a minimal impact on women’s time allocation.
However, men’s time allocation was greatly influenced by their wives’ time allocation.
Competition between husband and wife over housework was not detected, but both husband
and wife placed additional time into housework when the amount of necessary household labor
increased. This suggests that the burden of domestic labor, including care work, is not transferred
from women to men but is replaced by marketization.

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