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Two perspectives on gender equality discourse in the context of international development : The human rights-based approach (HRBA) vs. the economic approach

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Frame of Image an, South Korea in 2011. From a historical overview on gender issues, two different perspectives are identified within the context of development. One is the economic approach taken by the OECD and World Bank, and the other is the human-rights approach as typified by UN institutions and civil-society organizations (CSOs). Analyzing issue papers, articles and reports released from both perspectives and featuring gender and development in their titles, this paper investigates the different standpoints on whether gender is a means to or an end for development and aid effectiveness, in order to ascertain the meaning and implications of gender agenda as an outcome of HLF-4. Although gender has recently been addressed as a cross-cutting issue in the development context, it is difficult to achieve practical outcomes of development or poverty reduction without providing consideration to women, who hold an absolute majority of the world’s poor. However, this approach to gender as a means ought to be extended toward a more sustainable and human-rights based approach as the international aid framework becomes more inclusive and focuses more on development effectiveness.
I. Introduction
The issue of gender was adopted as one of the main agenda items of the Fourth High Level Forum on Aid Effectiveness (HLF-4) organized by the OECD and held in Busan, South Korea in 2011. Through the four HLFs, this was the first time the issue of gender was highlighted by the host government and opened as


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Title Two perspectives on gender equality discourse in the context of international development
Similar Titles
Sub Title

The human rights-based approach (HRBA) vs. the economic approach

Material Type Articles
Author(English)

Kim, Eun-kyung

Publisher

Seoul:Korea Women's Development Institute

Date 2012-07
Journal Title; Vol./Issue Gender Studies and Policy Review:vol. 5
Pages 20
Subject Country South Korea(Asia and Pacific)
Language English
File Type Documents
Original Format pdf
Subject Social Development < Gender
Holding KDI School

User Note

This paper outlines how gender issues have been discussed from the Fourth UN Women’s
Conference, the Beijing Conference, to the Fourth High Level Forum (HLF-4) on Aid
Effectiveness in Busan, South Korea in 2011. From a historical overview on gender issues, two
different perspectives are identified within the context of development. One is the economic
approach taken by the OECD and World Bank, and the other is the human-rights approach
as typified by UN institutions and civil-society organizations (CSOs). Analyzing issue papers,
articles and reports released from both perspectives and featuring gender and development in
their titles, this paper investigates the different standpoints on whether gender is a means to
or an end for development and aid effectiveness, in order to ascertain the meaning and implications
of gender agenda as an outcome of HLF-4. Although gender has recently been addressed
as a cross-cutting issue in the development context, it is difficult to achieve practical outcomes
of development or poverty reduction without providing consideration to women, who hold an
absolute majority of the world’s poor. However, this approach to gender as a means ought to
be extended toward a more sustainable and human-rights based approach as the international
aid framework becomes more inclusive and focuses more on development effectiveness.

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