This paper is written in purpose of explaining how gender approach has been formed within the context of rural development programs and its impacts on women’s participation and social status comparing Saemaeul Movement, a well-known Korean ODA model, and Indonesian Kecamatan Development Program(KDP). Gender responsive development and aid in agricultural sector are important considering the fact that three quarter of the poor in developing countries make their living by agriculture in rural areas and more than half of them are women. In particular, this paper identifies the implications of Saemaeul Movement to recipient countries from its contributions on development experience of Korea, which achieved economic and, at the same time, social development within a short period. In order to examine this process more specifically, this paper firstly shows how local women’s perception and capabilities had changed throughout their participation process on each of Saemaeul Movement in Korea and Kecamatan Development Program(KDP) in Indonesia; and secondly emphasizes the importance of localized development strategies based on local women’s needs for making practical outcomes, identifying some factors contributed to the success of Saemaeul Movement and the failure of K camatan program. This would provide an alternative explanation on the crossing point between local women’s needs and a state’s national interest which was not clearly revealed by the dichotomous paradigm of existing international development debates based on either economic or human rights approaches.