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Gender inequality in educational attainment in South Korea, 1950s-1990s

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Frame of Image rounds without precise analysis. Conventionally, family background inequality and gender inequality in educational attainment are regarded as the results of different social mechanisms. However, it is possible to observe that gender gaps may vary between family backgrounds. Using the 1998 Korea Labor and Income Panel Survey data (KLIPS) this study shows that varied gender gaps exist between different family backgrounds among respondents born in 1943-1972, e.g., the gap is greater for the farming class family. On the other hand, a cohort analysis reveals that the interplay between gender and family backgrounds is different between birth cohorts. There is a uniform gender gap among those born in 1943-1952, 1953-1962 and 1963-1972. Of note, however, respondents from service class origins in the 1963-1972 cohort show no gender gap in educational attainment. The two analyses indicate that the gender inequality is closely associated with family backgrounds. Hence, this study concludes that women’s educational opportunities are affected not only in terms of gendered cultures, but also in terms of family’s socio-economic situations in the 1950s-1990s. K ey words: gender inequality, social class, educational attainment, South K o r ea
The initial research question and data are found in a Ph.D. thesis (2008). An early version of this paper was presented in the conference of Korean Association of Women’s Studies in 2008. I thank Dr. Mi Hye Chang and three anonymous reviewers for their u


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Title Gender inequality in educational attainment in South Korea, 1950s-1990s
Similar Titles
Material Type Articles
Author(English)

Seong, Moon-Ju

Publisher

Seoul:Korea Women's Development Institute

Date 2009-12
Journal Title; Vol./Issue The Women's Studies:vol. 77(no. 2)
Pages 28
Subject Country South Korea(Asia and Pacific)
Language English
File Type Documents
Original Format pdf
Subject Social Development < Education
Social Development < Gender
Holding Korea Women's Development Institute

Abstract

This paper investigates the effects of gender and family background on educational attainment in South Korea during the 1950s-1990s. In particular it focuses on the interplay between gender and family backgrounds in educational attainment. Previous studies tend to assume a uniform gender gap in different family backgrounds without precise analysis. Conventionally, family background inequality and gender inequality in educational attainment are regarded as the results of different social mechanisms. However, it is possible to observe that gender gaps may vary between family backgrounds. Using the 1998 Korea Labor and Income Panel Survey data (KLIPS) this study shows that varied gender gaps exist between different family backgrounds among respondents born in 1943-1972, e.g., the gap is greater for the farming class family. On the other hand, a cohort analysis reveals that the interplay between gender and family backgrounds is different between birth cohorts. There is a uniform gender gap among those born in 1943-1952, 1953-1962 and 1963-1972. Of note, however, respondents from service class origins in the 1963-1972 cohort show no gender gap in educational attainment. The two analyses indicate that the gender inequality is closely associated with family backgrounds. Hence, this study concludes that women’s educational opportunities are affected not only in terms of gendered cultures, but also in terms of family’s socio-economic situations in the 1950s-1990s.