This is a study of the legislation process for Gender-Responsive
Budgets (GRB). I analyze the characteristics of the legislation process
over a five year period for achieving the institutionalization of GRB. This
includes the structure of political opportunity that made GRB legislation
possible, the strategies woman-MPs used, and the resources they mobilized
to counter the argument that such legislation was not necessary.
A few findings are as follows.
First, the political environment became more favorable. Each
of the major parties had a positive attitude toward gender equality
policies. In particular, the governing party had already announced the
institutionalization of GRB as one of manifestos of the 17th general
election. The number of woman-MPs increased, and many of them
already recognized the GRB agenda.
Second, woman-MPs who supported GRB initially pushed the
government to institutionalize GRB by means of questions and advices
in meetings of standing committees and in plenary sessions. This was not
successful because the government was uncooperative at that time, so
woman-MPs employed a variety of alternative strategies.
Third, many resources were mobilized to communicate the
importance of GRB legislation, including petitions, press interviews,
press releases, writing letters to and interviewing decision makers besides
policy bull sessions, conferences. These activities persuaded the standing
committee to support the legislation.
This study is the first attempt to apply the political process theory
framework, which is a social movement theory. It is motivated by the observation that woman-MPs, even though they are the subjects of
legislation, acting in the same way as an NGO to push the GRB agenda
in the assembly.
성인지 예산 입법과정에 관한 연구(A study on legislation process for gender-sensitive budgets)
Seoul:Korea Women's Development Institute
|Journal Title; Vol./Issue||여성연구(The Women's Studies):vol.76(no.1)|
|Subject Country||South Korea(Asia and Pacific)|
|Subject||Social Development < Gender
Social Development < Others