In Korea, the institutional-based child care service has been promoted
positively after the Infant Care Act(1991) enacted. However, the
demands for child care have become more individualized. ‘Home-Based
Child Care’(classified as ‘Family Child Care’ and ‘In Home Care') may
cover those diverse demands for child care. With this background
information, this research aims at exploring the plans to support
Home-Based Child Care as a complement for institutional based child
care by surveying on the actual condition of households' using
Home-Based Child Care services.
1,000 households who have a child(children) age under 5 were
surveyed. The results show that there are the differences of child care arrangements according to time zone, the age of children and the
parents’ work status etc. In the child care arrangements classified as
‘care by parent(s)’, ‘care by relative(s)’, ‘care in facility’ and ‘fee
charging in-home care’, the older children are more likely to be cared
for in facilities in comparison with the children age under 2. In
considering the care arrangements by parents’ work status, ‘care in
facility’ and ‘fee charging in home care’ are more common for the
children of the parents employed. The difference of care arrangements
classified by time zone shows the diverse demands for child care more
clearly. For instance, ‘fee charging in home care’ are increased in
evening(after 7PM) and it can be interpreted to mean that parents
choose ‘In Home Care’ complementarily because most child care
facilities are not available in the evening.
As the results show, there are individualized demands for child care.
Therefore, child care services in public and private need to be
developed to meet the diverse demands from households. And
Home-Based Child Care also complementarily needs to be institutionalized
for covering the individualized demands for child care.
돌봄노동의 분야별 제도화 방안 연구 (I)
가족내 아동돌봄도우미 이용실태 및 지원방안(Actual conditions and supporting schemes for home based child carers)
|Series Title; No||경제·인문사회연구회 협동연구총서 / 08-18-02; 2008 연구보고서 / 13-1|
|Subject Country||South Korea(Asia and Pacific)|
|Subject||Social Development < Social Welfare|