The purpose of this study is to examine the status of working
parents’ childcare, to identify the problems facing those working
parents and to figure out what kind of policy they want in an
attempt to draw up more effective childcare assistance policies.
Ultimately, this study aims to prevent career disruption of working
parents and to assist them to sustain their employment for achieving
work-family balance. For this purpose we’ve conducted surveys to
analyze the accessibility, affordability, and the quality of childcare.
Also we analyzed working parents’ work-family conflict and policy
options they want. The results of study are as follows:
First, according to the study results, working parents who are using
childcare facilities need more hours of daycare due to the long working hours. There are two ways for this issue. Extending the hours
of daycare can be one way to solve this issue. But there is also
another solution: adjusting the working hours of parents so that they
can pick up their kids from daycare on time.
Second, working parents said that emergency situations – such as
when they have to work overtime or when their kids are sick – are
the biggest problem they face as they are juggling work and
childcare. Therefore, adequate measures should be drawn up to help
the working parents handle such emergency situations.
Third, the study shows that working parents often work even on
Saturdays and Sundays. Thus, childcare services should also be
provided during the weekends as well. In addition, there are also
Saturdays without classes and discretionary vacation days, for which
the adequate childcare programs should be provided to meet the
needs of working parents.
Fourth, the middle income families are found to bear the biggest
childcare cost burden. The low income households bear relatively
small burdens due to the government’s financial assistance, whereas
the upper and middle income households appear to bear a heavier
cost burden. Therefore, the government financial childcare support
should expand the scope of entitlements.
Fourth, ideal childcare methods that the working parents have in
mind are as follow: when their kids are infants, most working parents
think they should take maternity/parental leave to take care of their
babies. And when their kids become toddlers, they think it’s ok to
send them to daycare. Thus, the use of maternity/parental leave
should be encouraged for the working parents who have infants while childcare services need to be strengthened to meet the needs of the
working parents with toddlers.
Lastly, in terms of service quality, most working parents are found
to be highly satisfied with the quality of teachers, daycare programs,
meals, safety and hygiene. However, the level of satisfaction was
lower when it comes to the safety of surrounding environment, and
the quality of daycare facilities. Meanwhile, the working parents with
elementary school-aged children are found to be highly satisfied with
the current services. Actually, these childcare services are shown to
play a very important role in helping the working parents juggle work
Policy recommendations have been developed based on the
above-mentioned study results. The childcare policies need to provide
the working parents with the preferential rights for using public
daycare services and to provide more childcare subsidy not only to
the low-income families but also to the middle income families. To
this end, it is recommended that childcare subsidy system be operated
in linkage with the daycare evaluation system and the parents' work
conditions. Sick-child care leave or the community-based childcare
service system can be alternative options for handling unexpected
emergency situations. It is also proposed that different approaches be
applied to different companies to vitalize the use of daycare facilities
at work and after-school care services.
취업부모의 자녀양육지원서비스 효율화 방안(Childcare support for the working parents)
서울 : 한국여성정책연구원
|Series Title; No||2010 연구보고서 / 12|
|Subject Country||South Korea(Asia and Pacific)|
|Subject||Social Development < Gender
Social Development < Others