The Korean government has started integrating gender perspective
in its national development plans since Women's Policy Deliberation
Committee under the Prime Minister and the Korean Women’s
Development Institute were established in 1983. Afterwards there has
been a need for further policy reviews.
The study aims to review what has been established by major
policies since gender perspective has been integrated into social
development. It also aims to analyze users’ feedback on those policies.
The study will allow us to have a general understanding of the 30
year history of gender perspective development. We also expect further development to advance women's polices, through means that
The study will be conducted for 3 years. With 2011 being the first
year, the study overviews 30 years of history focusing on the social
development reflecting on women's perspectives. It would include
fundamental studies as well as more elaborate studies.
First, we will review the past 30 years’ history of women’s
integration in nine parts; Politics/Administration, Welfare, Economy,
Family, Education, Culture/Social Activity, Organizations, International
affairs, Peace/ Unification.
And then we will analyze user’s views on 30 years’ history of
① Citizen Awareness Survey: The survey of 1500 citizens was
conducted on 24 women’s policies and under 11 categories to measure
awareness, level of contribution to social development, necessity and
② Media: Looking at women’s integration through the lens of the
Amendment of the Media/Family Law
③ National Assembly: Looking at women’s integration from the
viewpoint of law makers.
④ Women’s Association: The FGI research results can be divided
into two big parts; one is the background of the Women’s Policies
created during the last 30 years, and the other includes the
challenges and suggestions of the women’s policies. In the first part,
achievement and backlash of the women’s policies are discussed.
Based on this discussion, the future directions of the women’s policies
and suggestions are created, which makes up the second part.
⑤ International Society: To see how the international society viewed
the Korea women’s policies in the last 30 years, the author(s)
interviewed people who were working at related UN organizations and
OECD. The interviewers said that Korean women’s policies were
successful thanks to the institutionalization and implementation system.
Also, they added that women’s social participationhas been elevated
significantly. However, Korea is still having difficulties with minimizing
the gap between the policies, the real world and the old customs.
Also, the work-family balance has not stabilized yet, and this fact still
remains to be examined.
This report is meaningful as it examined the achievement and
shortfalls of women’s policies in various perspectives. To view the
women’s policies from the perspective of those affected by the
policies, this report attempted to analyze women’s policies through the
lens of civil society, media, national assembly, women’s association,
and international society. The followings should be supplemented for
further study. First, the time frame should be extended to pre-1980,
before Women’s policies were put in force. Secondly, regarding to the
media sector examination, more diversified analytic framework is
needed. Third, reviewing governance needs to be added.