The purpose of this study is to investigate mismatch between
education and employment for earned doctorates, especially women.
Of particular interests are doctors who earned degrees in green
industry related majors. Research questions include 1) what are the
size of women doctorates and their distributions regarding sex, age,
and majors? 2) Do earned doctorates have jobs after their graduation?
3) Do women doctorates have mismatch between education and
employment? If so, what are the factors influencing mismatch? 4)
What are the appropriate degrees for those who have mismatch
problems? 5) How is the mismatch serious for those who have
problems? 6) What are the characteristics of mismatched jobs? 7) How is the school to work transition for doctorates who have mismatch
problems? 8) What are the opinions about employment assistant
programs for earned doctorates?
We analyzed several data collected by Korea Educational
Development Institute, Regional Employment Survey by National
Statistics Office, and Panel Study of Earned Doctorates by Korea
Research Institute for Vocational Education and Training. We
estimated the probabilities of employment for earned doctorates and
holding regular jobs, mismatch between education and jobs as well as
between majors and jobs. In addition to data analysis, we collected
survey data from earned doctorates who have experiences of
mismatch. The number of observation was 1,000 and those included
men and women doctors who are under 45 years old.
The results showed that the number of women doctorates were
estimated to be 33,000, and 3,000 doctors were granted in each year.
38% of women doctors were less than 40 years old, which means that
they have higher risk of career disruption due to pregnancy and child
rearing. Economic participation rate for women doctors was 86.3% and
their major occupations were lecturers, faculties, teachers in
secondary schools, and educational specialists.
Since the number of doctors is growing rapidly, mismatch happens.
Women doctors were more likely to be unemployeds or irregular
workers. Men doctorates showed 59% of mismatch between education
and jobs and women had 36.5% of mismatch rates. However sex was
not a significant variable when other factors were controlled. This
results proved that gender segregated majors or labor market
conditions were more problematic than gender itself. Mismatch between majors and jobs was not very problematic. 95.2% of men and
96.9% of women had jobs related to their doctoral majors.
Doctors who had green majors, which were defined from National
Committee of Green Growth showed relatively better outcomes in job
stabilities and match between majors and jobs. Mismatch between
education and jobs for green doctors was lower than others.
Survey data resulted that doctors who experienced mismatch were
more likely to start Ph.D programs without future goals and visions.
Their perception about labor market was not based on current
conditions of labor market. Respondents thought that universities had
responsibilities to provide assistance for job market transition.
We suggested several policy implications based on research
outcomes. First government needs to provide information about Ph.D
programs and job market outcomes for future doctorates. Second,
women in Ph.D program need to have career coaching because
women's labor market outcome is relatively worse than men's. Third,
temporary assistance program for unemployed women doctors need to
be activated in order to support school to work transition. Fourth
career disruption prevention programs for women doctors are crucial
because women have higher risk due to pregnancy and child rearing.
Finally green majored doctors need to be integrated to national
growth plans by National Committee of Green Growth.
여성 박사인력의 교육-고용 불일치 실태와 과제(Miss-matching between education and employment in doctors' job market)
녹색성장관련 전공과 기타 전공간 비교
Seoul:Korea Women's Development Institute
|Series Title; No||경제·인문사회연구회 녹색성장 종합연구 총서 / 10-02-69; 2010 연구보고서 / 17|
|Subject Country||South Korea(Asia and Pacific)|
|Subject||Territorial Development < Environment
Social Development < Education
Social Development < Employment