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Equity and efficiency of Koreans' English education investments

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Frame of Image students' private tutoring expenditures go
toward English study; college students and adults also invest substantial time and effort in English learning □ Equity Issue: So-called English gap between income classes and across regions
○ There exist large disparities in private education investment between income groups and
differing degrees of English exposure across regions despite similar income levels
○ Large class- and region-based differences in English scores on National Assessment of
Educational Achievement (NAEA), College Scholastic Ability Test (CSAT), and Test of English for International Communication (TOEIC)
○ English ability more strongly influenced by environment than other subjects and used
as screening device for entrance to colleges and companies, indicating significance in terms of equality of opportunity
*This is the translated version of KDI Policy Forum released on June 4, 2012. * This article is adapted from Kim, Hisam, A Study on the Equity and Efficiency of English Education *
Investments (Research Monograph 2011-04, KDI, Dec. 2011).
KDI Policy Forum
2
□ Three questions associated with efficiency of resource allocation for English education: (1) To what extent are people rewarded in the labor market for their English education investments? (2) Is it desirable to have English-related experience used as a device for screening and signaling? (3) Are employees' English abilities matched with the needs of their position?
○ English experience beneficial in j


Full Text
Title Equity and efficiency of Koreans' English education investments
Similar Titles
Material Type Reports
Author(English)

Kim, Hisam

Publisher

[Seoul]:KDI

Date 2012-08
Series Title; No KDI Policy Forum / Vol. 245
Pages 11
Subject Country South Korea(Asia and Pacific)
Language English
File Type Documents
Original Format pdf
Subject Social Development < Education
Holding KDI; KDI School of Public Policy and Management