Correctional rehabilitation program can lower the recidivism rates of the offenders effectively and reduce the social costs caused by crimes. Clinicians think that correctional rehabilitation program has been failed even though recidivism and relapse rate in criminals have been reduced. I t is because of ‘clinician’s illusion’, kind of false belief. It brings lack of effort and investment on correctional rehabilitation program. Therefore, the correctional rehabilitation program that has been carried out and studied so far needs more investment and supplementation.
Based on the studies of correctional rehabilitation so far, the correctional rehabilitation program requires the following three elements. First, correctional rehabilitation program needs to be relationship-centered and motivational in order to increase the participation rate and spontaneity of the recipient. Second, correctional rehabilitation program should be focused on reestablishing the meaning of meaning-centered life. Third, correctional rehabilitation program needs to be evidence-based and integrated. Among these, leadership should be considered as an important element of change. The client needs a continuous effort to make a plan, motivate, and prevent relapses for the change of the client. Thus, change is a very difficult process and we have many reasons to resist changes.
A representative treatment-rehabilitation program for drug offenders in correctional institution that has been well conducted in foreign country is California Correctional Rehabilitation Program. This program’s main treatment program, the Therapeutic Community model (such as Amity-RJD), and aftercare program (such as SACAS, FOTEP) lowered the recidivism rate effectively and delayed readmission process. According to the study of prison-based treatment system done at UCLA, quantitative analysis on TC treatment participants and return-to-prison rate consistently showed that it is important to continue drug abuse treatment in the society after being released from the prison-based treatment.
TC model is first used by British psychiatrist Maxwell Jones in 1953 to treat patients with mental disorders. After that, in late 50’s, Synanon movement occurred in California, having big influence on ‘addict therapeutic community’. During that time, none of the treatments for drug addiction was effective but the Synanon movement showed drug addicts the hope that they can be recovered and many addicts could stop their drug usages while staying in therapeutic community.
For therapeutic community, the mutual self-help treatment learning model has
the following treatment stages.
First of all, behavior management tools include talk to, speak to, deal with, verbal hair cut, learning experience, prospect chair, general meeting, bench/chair, ban, preliminary morning meeting, morning meeting, house meeting, confrontation, confrontation chair, guilt confrontation, peer confrontation group, encounter group, tight house, incident book, and treatment plan.
Secondly, alcohol and drug addicts typically suffer from serious emotional problems such as low self-esteem, confused identity, lack of patience in times of frustration, sense of guilt, depression, and anger. Emotional tool includes intake interview, emotional interview/intial interview, static group, probe group, extended group, marathon group, one to one counseling, younger member group, art feeling workshop, weekend wrap up, pre/post request group, group for special problems, and relapse prevention group.
Thirdly, it is important to connect the spiritual side to human desires as a part of rehabilitation. Intellectual and spiritual development tools should be investigated. These tools are interrelated and change in one side is related to bringing change in the other side. Intellectual and spiritual development tools include seminar, daytop philosophy, the unwritten philosophies, theme of the week, and word of the day. (The rest is omitted)
마약류사범 재활센터 치료, 재활교육 프로그램 개발 연구(A study on the drug treatment and rehabilitation programmes in prison)
|Series Title; No||연구총서 / 12-AB-07|
|Subject Country||South Korea(Asia and Pacific)|
|Subject||Social Development < Health|
|Holding||한국형사정책연구원; KDI 국제정책대학원|