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Successful reforestation in South Korea : The roles of the government, village forestry cooperatives, and Saemaul movement

Related Document
Frame of Image astation in Korea v Major policies of reforestation v Roles of Forest Service, Village Forestry Cooperatives, and Saemaul Movement
3
Forests during Joseon Dynasty
(before 1910)
v Forest: owned by government and open to the public v Fuel-wood collection was allowed to everybody v Forest near villages: already destroyed v Government timber supply policy: Only pine forests protected for government timber need
4
Bald mountains in early 1900s:
Population of 20 million and cold winter in small peninsula Government regulation of wood collection was not effective.
(photo: Seoul suburb in 1903)
5
Japanese Occupation (1910-1945)
vVirgin v Virgin forests near Manchurian border : large-scale timber exploitation for construction in Manchuria v In-land timber exploitation: pine forests in Uljin and Bonghwa v Fuel wood plantations near villages: promoted by government with little success
6
Barren mountains in 1930s
7
Barren hills in 1935:
Erosion control in Geochang, Gyeongnam Province
8
Timber harvest from in-land Uljin in early 1940s by Japanese
9
Liberation from Japan (1945) and Korean War (1950-1953):
The most devastated forests in Korean history (photo: 1950s)
10
President Rhee Syng-Man (1948-1960):
1.05 million ha and 2.8 billion trees planted with no success due to poor forest protection
11
President Rhee’s policies in vain
(lack of government will, organization, and budget)
v 1951: Temporary Forest Protection Act v 1952: Three-Year Reforestation Plan v 1953: Five-Year Erosion Contro


Full Text
Title Successful reforestation in South Korea
Similar Titles
Sub Title

The roles of the government, village forestry cooperatives, and Saemaul movement

Project Category Capacity Building Workshops
Material Type Proceedings
Author(English)

Lee, Kyung Joon

Publisher

[Seoul]:KDI School of Public Policy Management

Date 2013-03
Event

GDLN-Reforestration

Project Capacity Building Workshops
Series Title; No Rural Development Series
Pages 82
Subject Country South Korea(Asia and Pacific)
Language English
File Type Documents
Original Format pdf
Subject Territorial Development < National Land Development
Territorial Development < Environment
Holding KDI School of Public Policy Management
Recipient Country Bangladesh(Asia and Pacific)
China(Asia and Pacific)
Cambodia(Asia and Pacific)
Sri Lanka(Asia and Pacific)
Mongolia(Asia and Pacific)
Nepal(Asia and Pacific)
Vietnam(Asia and Pacific)
Supervisor KDI School of Public Policy Management
Organizer KDI School of Public Policy Management; The World Bank; Tokyo Development Learning Center
Venue KDI School of Public Policy Management
Program Type Videoconference
Project Term 2013-03-13 ~ 2013-03-13