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한국의 소득집중도 추이와 국제비교, 1976-2010 : 소득세 자료에 의한 접근

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Frame of Image  셋째, 최상위층으로 갈수록 소득 비 중이 더 빨리 늘어났다는 점, 넷째, 국제비교를 해 보면, 1990년대까지는 유럽 일본형의 비 교적 낮은 소득집중도를 유지해 오다가 최근 급속히 영미형으로 접근하고 있으며 현재에는 그 중간의 위치에 있다는 것이다. 나아가 가계조사에 의거한 소득분배 지표가 소득불평등도 를 과소 평가하는 편향이 있으며, 종래의 지표를 재검토할 필요성을 제기하고 있다. Income Concentration in Korea, 1976-2010: Evidence from Income Tax Statistics This paper presents new homogeneous series of top income shares from 1976 to 2010 in Korea using income tax statistics. Total personal income is estimated from national accounts of the Bank of Korea. Top income shares are obtained from income tax statistics and Pareto interpolation. Based on these estimates significant findings include the followings: (1) Income concentration remained low and stable from the 1970s to the 1990s. (2) It increased rapidly for ten years after the financial crisis in 1997. (3) The higher rank on income ladder an income group belongs to, the more rapidly it gains income share during those ten years. (4) From international comparative perspective, the income concentration of Korea was low similar to those of Continental Europe or Japan. However, it has been rapidly approaching to higher level of English speaking countries, and now stands in between the levels of two groups. This paper also compared income tax statistics with household survey data, which shows a strong possibility that existing income distribution indices of the Korea National Statistics Office based on household surveys may significantly underestimate actual income inequality. JEL Classificati


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Title 한국의 소득집중도 추이와 국제비교, 1976-2010
Similar Titles
Sub Title

소득세 자료에 의한 접근

Material Type Reports
Author(Korean)

김낙년

Publisher

서울:낙성대경제연구소

Date 2012-05
Series Title; No Working Paper / 2012-03
Pages 30
Subject Country South Korea(Asia and Pacific)
Language Korean
File Type Documents
Original Format pdf
Subject Economy < Macroeconomics
Holding 낙성대경제연구소: KDI 국제정책대학원