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STI policy and Korean development from learning to creating

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Frame of Image  excluding the northern part of the peninsula, of which ¾ is non-arable mountains  Very poor in natural resources – no oil reserve, insignificant reserves of coal and other resources  Very limited economic interactions with western powers due to geographical remoteness – retarded in industrialization  But it has to support a large population – 80 million people
Cultural inheritance….
 A very unicultural society strongly influenced by Confucian tradition
 placing highest value on scholarship and education  social order based on vertical relationships – respect for seniors and the elderly
 Very closely knitted society, where family, school, religious and regional backgrounds are very important determinants of inter-personal relationships  Relatively high social mobility – education has been the major vehicle to higher social class
Korean development
 GNI PC: $ 87(’61) → $20,000(‘10)
 Exports: $55 M(’61) → $400 B (‘10)  Unemployment: 22.3%(’61) → 3% (‘10)
Korea has transformed itself from one of the poorest countries in the world into one of the most dynamic industrial economies…
Evolution of STI Policy in Korea
From learning to creation
1980s-2000s
2000s-
1960-198s
What : Not known, should be self-explored How: Creative innovation What : Strategic selection With what: Creativity, from the shelf entrepreneurship What : Technology required for How: R&DI Govt: Effective facilitator, industrialization With what: R&D capability How: Learning by imitating and (Financial,


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Title STI policy and Korean development from learning to creating
Similar Titles
Material Type Proceedings
Author(English)

Chung, Sungchul

Author(Korean)

정성철

Publisher

[Seoul]:Science and Technology Policy Institute

Date 2013-04
Pages 49
Subject Country South Korea(Asia and Pacific)
Language English
File Type Documents
Original Format pdf
Subject Industry and Technology < Science/Technology
Holding KDI School

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