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The internalization of science and technology in the earlier stage of economic development in South Korea

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Frame of Image nternalization of Science and Technology in the earlier T stage of Economic Development in South Korea Supervised by	 Prepared by	 Author	 Ministry of Science, ICT and Future Planning, Republic of Korea Science and Technology Policy Institute 	 	 ung Joo Hong , Science and Technology Policy Institute, S Associate Research Fellow Chanmi, Jeon, Science and Technology Policy Institute, Researcher Jonglip, Kim, Science and Technology Policy Institute, Researcher Advisory Se-hong Oh, Korea Institute of Science and Technology Evaluation and Planning, Research Fellow Research Management	 Supported by	 KDI School of Public Policy and Management 	 Ministry of Strategy and Finance (MOSF), Republic of Korea
Government Publications Registration Number 11-7003625-000057-01 ISBN 979-11-5545-065-9 94320 ISBN 979-11-5545-032-1 [SET 42] Copyright © 2013 by Ministry of Strategy and Finance, Republic of Korea
Government Publications Registration Number 11-7003625-000057-01
Knowledge Sharing Program
2012 Modularization of Korea’s Development Experience
The Internalization of Science and Technology in the earlier stage of Economic Development in South Korea
Preface
The study of Korea’s economic and social transformation offers a unique opportunity to better understand the factors that drive development. Within one generation, Korea has transformed itself from a poor agrarian society to a modern industrial nation, a feat never seen before. What makes Korea’s experience so unique is that its rapid


Full Text
Title The internalization of science and technology in the earlier stage of economic development in South Korea
Similar Titles
Project Category Development Cases
Material Type Reports
Author(English)

Hong, Sung Joo; Jeon, Chanmi; Kim, Jonglip

Publisher

Seoul:KDI School of Public Policy and Management

Date 2013
Project Development Cases
Series Title; No Knowledge Sharing Program: KSP Modularization
ISBN 979-11-5545-065-9 94320; 979-11-5545-032-1 [SET 42]
Pages 128
Subject Country South Korea(Asia and Pacific)
Language English
File Type Documents
Original Format pdf
Subject Industry and Technology < Science/Technology
Holding KDI School of Public Policy and Management
Supervisor KDI School of Public Policy and Management
Organizer Ministry of Science, ICT and Future Planning(Republic of Korea); Science and Technology Policy Institute
Sponsor Ministry of Strategy and Finance(Republic of Korea)
Project Term 2012-01-01 ~ 2012-12-31

Abstract

This report studies how science and technology emerged as one of the overriding tools in the beginning of economic development in South Korea, leading to the national institutionalization of science and technology. In the 1960s, an effort to institutionalize the nation’s science and technology which had been in a very underdeveloped state was indeed ground-breaking. Such attempt was triggered by national leaders who believed self-reliance of science and technology was essential for economic development. The then President promised his full support for developing science and technology and utilizing them to economic development. Also, public officials in science and technology such as the Minister of Science and Technology decided to pour a significant amount of resources into establishing a system to promote science and technology. While STI (Science and Technology Insitutionalization) policies were formulated on a national scale, various legislations were drafted to support for the development of science and technology and the establishment of systems for STI administration, and R&D (Research and Development) were introduced for the first time in the Korean histroy. (The rest omitted)

User Note

Government Publications Registration Number 11-7003625-000057-01