This study examines and analyzes the current status of the modes of transportation in Korea today, so as to identify the issues to be solved towards, and find measures to ensure the establishment of, a more effective general transportation system.
The rapid economic growth of Korea has also prompted the growth of transportation services, for both cargoes and passengers, in terms of quantity and quality. Large-scale investments in the development and expansion of road networks and transportation facilities, and in the improvement of transportation facilities in urban and industrial towns, have become central features of Korea’s growing economy. However, the expansion of transportation services has also been accompanied by downsides, such as chronic traffic congestion and an increase in the number of roadway accidents.
Korean economic growth has prompted the expansion of the transportation market, from KRW 9.8 trillion in 1975 to KRW 47.8 trillion in 1991. The volume of cargo transportation alone has increased from KRW 1.79 million tons per kilometer to KRW 10 million tons per kilometer over the same period of time. The cargo transportation system is indispensable to Korea’s export-oriented economy, with the amount of cargo it handles growing from 139.103 million tons to 238.316 million tons. We therefore need to establish a more effective general transportation network system that can handle the rapidly increasing quantity of cargo.
As the development of transportation systems and technologies is correlated with the development of industries, the growth of Korea’s heavy and chemical industries have also developed new forms of cargo tanks, including tank trucks. Urbanization is another leading factor in the diversification and innovation of transportation systems, as has been seen around central business districts, high-density residential neighborhoods, outlying business districts, residential suburbs, industrial suburbs, and commuters’ zones in Korea.
The advancement of the transportation system in Korea has been accompanied by certain downsides. The number of deaths by car continues to increase steadily. The occurrence of car accident deaths is 3.6 per 10,000 in Japan, 5.9 per 10,000 in the United States, and 5.3 per 10,000 in England, while the figure in Korea is 189.5 per 10,000.
The advancement and modernization of Korea’s economic and social structure will dramatically increase the demand for newer and more effective modes of transportation for cargo and passengers alike. Korea needs to respond to this rising demand by establishing a general transportation system that connects many modes of transportation. For cargo, Korean industries need to adopt the central terminal system and container freight stations that are located along the transportation networks. As for human passengers, more terminals and airbuses are needed. It is also crucial to keep track of all activities taking place in this transportation system on a real-time basis with the help of computer and network technology.
한국의 종합수송체계(General transportation system in Korea)
서울 : 한국개발연구원
|Series Title; No||연구총서|
|Subject Country||South Korea(Asia and Pacific)|
|Subject||Territorial Development < Transport/Logistics|
|Holding||KDI; KDI School|