This study presents an evaluation model that analyzes long-term national territory development strategies from the perspective of the transportation cost, and thereby assesses the current state of territorial development in Korea.
As a result of the rapid industrialization and urbanization of Korea since 1960, 57.3 percent of the national population today (1980) resides in urban areas with populations of at least 50,000. However, the majority of the urban population in Korea is concentrated in a few large cities. Over 53.7 percent of the total urban population in Korea is divided between Seoul and Busan, which together make up less than one percent of the entire national territory. Economic activities and wealth are concentrated in these two cities as well, with their combined gross regional product (GRP) accounting for over 60 percent of the gross national product (GNP).
This study simulates demographic and industrial distributions across Korea under the primary goal of long-term economic and social development, and compares these distributions in terms of efficiency and transportation costs. The three main distribution simulations tested in this study are:
(1) Allowing the current pattern of population and economic concentration to continue and grow in the given regions or cities.
(2) Providing support to the city of Daejeon and its surrounding area, so as to develop it into a third center for long-term economic growth.
(3) Providing support to all major cities in Korea, including Daejeon, Daegu, and Gwangju, to cultivate multiple economic centers for more regionally balanced growth across Korea, and distributing the population that is currently concentrated in Seoul.
Analysis revealed that the second option—fostering the central region and Daejeon—is theoretically the most efficient development strategy, as doing so would involve a minimum investment in development and transportation services. However, this conclusion is based on certain hypotheses regarding the region-to-region distribution of population and economic activities, and may change when actual changes in national territory occur.
The significance of this study is in the fact that it has developed and presented a model of evaluation that can help improve the efficiency of future national territory development.
수송체계측면에서 본 국토개발전략 평가모형(A transportation-based model of evaluation on the national territory development strategy)
|Journal Title; Vol./Issue||한국개발연구:vol. 4(no. 1)|
|Subject Country||South Korea(Asia and Pacific)|
|Subject||Territorial Development < National Land Development|
|Holding||KDI; KDI School|