This study appraises the state of poverty of the population that has been forced into poverty by Korea’s economic growth, and suggests policy measures to help them.
As Korea’s economic growth has significantly raised the standard of living, income inequality and poverty in general has risen as well. Although the burgeoning industries of Korea have dramatically increased the number of jobs available and reduced absolute poverty, the worsening income inequality has increased the number of relatively poor people since 1970. Economic growth based on urbanization has accelerated the influx of people into cities, giving rise to urban slums and other signs of urban poverty. The ghettoization of the poor in large cities like Seoul is in itself a source of other social issues, and also presents a significant threat to national security. The Korean government, having recently declared the creation of a welfare society as its paramount goal, should implement assistive measures for the poor in Korea.
This first requires an accurate understanding and analysis of the reality of poverty in Korea. Economic growth will be needed to increase the number of jobs and income for the poor in both the short and the long run. People who are capable of working should be given support for occupational training and finding employment rather than direct payouts from the government. The amount of public assistance for the education and vocational training of children in poor households should also be increased in order to end the intergenerational cycle of poverty. The social security system should also be strengthened, with the government guaranteeing basic living for the poor incapable of working. The range and quantity of social services and benefits should also be enhanced, while a system of social welfare particularly suited to Korea should be developed. To the extent possible by the government budget and administrative reach, the government should also provide basic medical and housing services for the poor. More jobs should be created in rural towns so as to prevent further concentration of the poor in cities. The government should enhance its functions overall and the capability of its executive agencies so as to ensure greater effectiveness of the anti-poverty measures it implements.
빈곤의 실태와 영세민대책(Reality of poverty and policy measures for the poor)
|Subject Country||South Korea(Asia and Pacific)|
|Subject||Economy < Economic Administration|
|Holding||KDI; KDI School|