The objective of this study is to examine Korea’s electronics industry, and to investigate the problems it faces by analyzing the characteristics of the labor-management relations of three large companies.
The two pillars of the electronics industry’s development could be summarized as “technical development” and ”improvement of labor productivity”. Since the 1960s, Korea’s electronics industry achieved rapid growth with valuable experts. Therefore, the success or failure of Korea’s electronics industry was dependent upon labor productivity. Due to this, the labor-management relationship has become extremely important.
The recent amendment of the labor relation law, and reinforcement of labor administration, takes labor-management reconciliation as its main agenda. and along with this, it is the turning point that the labor-management relation needs a major transformation in terms of labor benefits and the pursuit of labor-management cooperation systems. In order to establish better labor-management systems in the electronics industry, it is necessary to identify how labor-management relations have developed at the individual company level.
To achieve this objective, this study gives an outline of Korea’s electronics industry structure, and the related labor market, fundamentals of the labor-management relationship in the electronics industry. Then, the study focuses on home appliance businesses that account for 40 percent of the industry’s entire production. The study describes the current status of labor-management relations per company, through the following methods:
1) Analysis of documents regarding the labor-management relations of three electronics producers
2) Interviews with each company’s management and laborers
3) significance of labor-management, and
4) A survey on the industrial structure of these companies.
Finally, this study summarizes and analyzes existing labor-management relationships, and enumerates problems that should be solved for the industry’s success and the improvement of labor productivity.
Currently, none of the three companies have a fair labor-management relationship, and as most of their managerial staff regards authoritarian leadership as the effective for production, fair labor-management relations are impossible. The management asserts that labor-management relations are less important than marketing or technical development. However, laborers recognize that social benefit should come before profit, and should be improved. Not only limited to the electronics industry, the low rate of labor settlement that is present in this industry shows that constant effort towards improvement is required.
The role of the government’s labor administration is to support the autonomous development of amicable labor-management relationships, and the government should not directly interfere with labor-management relations on the corporate level.
노사관계사례연구(The labor-management relation case studies: mainly on large home appliance businesses)
대규모 가정용 전자기기업체를 중심으로(수정분)
|Subject Country||South Korea(Asia and Pacific)|
|Subject||Industry and Technology < Entrepreneurship
Social Development < Employment
|Holding||KDI; KDI School|