As jobless growth has continued since the 1990s and even the growth rate has gradually declined in Korea, the employment rate has been stuck at 63∼64% for ten years since 2003. The export-and manufacturing-oriented economic structure has weaken the economy's capacity to create jobs. And the low productivity of SMEs and service industries accounting for most of the total employment and the work culture that heavily relies on male breadwinners working long hours have been a big obstacle to job creation. Moreover, employment- hindering factors, such as women's career breaks, young people's higher education and babyboomers' early retirement, are becoming increasingly structural.
Given the uncertain economic prospects, the existing paradigm for job creation needs an overhaul and the government announced the‘Roadmap to Achieve 70% Employment Rate’ on June 4th. Against these backdrops, the Roadmap was designed to move the main axis of the job creation system from men, long working hours, manufacturing and large companies to women, creative economy, services and SMEs; to spread a culture of reconciling work and family life by reducing long working hours; and to create jobs of various employment types, including part-time jobs. Especially the government plans to spread extensively good quality part-time work which refers to a job which meets voluntary personal needs (study, child care, phased retirement), is free of discrimination, and guarantees basic working conditions (minimum wage, the 4 basic insurances, etc.). Part-time jobs are expected to account for 38.7% of the total job growth according to this Roadmap. (The rest is omitted)
여성 고용률 제고를 위한 바람직한 시간선택제 일자리 확산 방안(Strategies for activating good quality part-time employment)
|Series Title; No||2013 연구보고서(수시과제) / 10|
|Subject Country||South Korea(Asia and Pacific)|
|Subject||Social Development < Employment
Social Development < Gender
|Holding||KWDI; KDI School|