As of September 2013, the number of North Korean defectors in South Korea has reached 25,649, and among them, women take up 69.5% at 17,820. However, their rate of labor force participation remaining at 49.7% is much lower than that of male North Korean defectors at 66.9%. Under these circumstances, female defectors, who fail to get jobs before or remain employed after the termination of government support, which is currently focused on the early settlement and protection period of five years, are likely to become social misfits or long-term recipients of the National Basic Livelihood Scheme. Actually, 45.6% of North Korean defectors who have lived here for longer than the five-year protection period are receiving the basic living expenses, implying that the level of economic independence among overall North Korean defectors is very low. Therefore, research and development of policy measures on this issue are quite essential.
The purpose of this study is to examine the job satisfaction, job adaptation, economic conditions, and physical and mental health of female North Korean defectors before and after the end of the five-year protection period as well as the reasons for their low usage of various allowances or grants related to government support for employment, thereby enhancing the usage of existing policy measures and developing new ones that can help female North Korean defectors to better adapt to their jobs. (The rest is omitted)
북한이탈여성의 직장적응 실태와 정책과제(A study on the current status of North Korean female defector's adaptation in work places and policy projects)
|Series Title; No||2013 연구보고서 / 12|
|ISBN||ISBN 978-89-8491-559-6 93330|
|Subject Country||South Korea(Asia and Pacific)|
|Subject||Social Development < Gender|
|Holding||KWDI; KDI School|