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Energy efficiency for development in Korea

Related Document
Frame of Image ing and export-oriented economic growth ② Efficient mass production on the strength of skilled workers.
Political unrest has been resolved and democracy has taken root.
GDP per capita (USD)
$20,000
Global financial crisis
$21,695
$15,000
$12,197
5-year economic development plans
$10,000
$5,000
$67
1945 1953
$79
1960
$100 (1963)
1970
$1,000 (1977)
$7,355
Asian financial crisis
1980
1990
1996 1998
2007 2008 2009 2014
1
Industrialization
5year economic development plans from 1962 till 1996. GDP had grown by 908 times between 1962 and 2009
- 1960’s : Textile - 1970’s : shipbuilding, Steel, Petrochemical - 1980’s : Automobile - 1990’s ~ now: Automobile and IT industries
Energy consumption had grown during the same period by 23.5 times, and per capita energy consumption by 12.8 times
Shifts from coal to oil, from oil to nuclear and natural gas
2
Major energy indicators
Unit
GDP growth rate Primary Energy Consumption Energy Intensity Oil Dependency1) % million toe toe/million won %
’80
-1.9 43.9 0.301 54.9 6.6 29.7
’90
9.3 93.2 0.253 50.6 10.9 15.6
’00
8.8 192.9 0.278 43.5 37.9 23.7
’05
4.0 228.6 0.264 34.4 66.7 25.8
’09
0.2
’10
6.2
’11
3.6
’12
0.7
243.3 0.248
30.2
263.8 0.253
27.9
275.7 0.255
25.9
277.6 0.251
25.6
Total Energy Import billion US$ Share of Energy in total import expenditure Overseas energy dependency rate %
911.6
28.2
1,216.5
28.6
1,724.8
32.9
1,848.0
35.6
%
73.5
87.9
97.2
96.6
96.45
96.53
96.44
96.35
Self-sufficiency Energy/Resource Development Rate
%
-
-
-
4.1
9.0


Full Text
Title Energy efficiency for development in Korea
Similar Titles
Material Type Proceedings
Author(English)

Jung, Yonghun

Publisher

Seoul:KDI School of Public Policy and Management

Date 2014-06
Event

KDI-WBI-CAG Policy Forum

Pages 17
Subject Country South Korea(Asia and Pacific)
Language English
File Type Documents
Original Format pdf
Subject Industry and Technology < Energy
Holding KDI School of Public Policy and Management