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Making urbanization inclusive : The China story

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Frame of Image come gains, services and amenities. Many countries are beginning to address the challenge of inclusive growth within the context of urbanization. The Chinese case is arguably the most illuminating.
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China: Key trends
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GDP growth slowing to 7%. Rising incomes accompanied by urbanization –from 20% in 1978 to 54% in 2013 – at 4% p.a. rate .
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Urbanization has led to low density sprawl: between 2000 and 2010 share of urban land rose from 1% to 2.5% of surface area.
Chinese cities host 260 million migrants; 105 million agricultural workers are potentially redundant. Urbanization will continue albeit at a slower pace depending upon push-pull mechanisms. Projected urbanization rate in 2050 is 70% (adding 310 million).
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Rural-Urban Divide spurring migration
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Push out of rural areas reinforced by gaps between rural and urban incomes and welfare and urban attractions enhanced by employment opportunities: Ratio of rural: urban per capita incomes – 1: 3.3
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Quality of education and health services significantly poorer in rural areas; pension coverage and benefits far less.
Access to running water: 94% vs. 47%; Internet users: 74% vs. 27%; mobile phone usage: 82% vs. 49%; computer availability: 33% vs. 4%.
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Rural environmental quality also deteriorating because of unregulated TVE development and use of farm chemicals/fertilizers.
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China‟s Urban Economy
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Spurt in urbanization since mid 1980s the result of agricultural reform, easing of hukou-based regulatory constraints


Full Text
Title Making urbanization inclusive
Similar Titles
Sub Title

The China story

Material Type Proceedings
Author(English)

Yusuf, Shahid

Publisher

[Washington D.C.]:The World Bank

Date 2014-06
Event

KDI-WBI-CAG Policy Forum

Pages 16
Subject Country South Korea(Asia and Pacific)
Language English
File Type Documents
Original Format pdf
Subject Territorial Development < National Land Development
Holding KDI School of Public Policy and Management