It is necessary to be reformed if government regulation on business activities is a reflection of our old administrative culture and if it is likely to work as a key factor to hamper honest and normal business activities. As a way of regulatory reform, Korean governments have mainly depended on quantitative approach focused on reducing the total number of regulations themselves. It is the time to take into account that such attempt, however, must be shifted to the consideration of better regulation to enhance the quality of regulation. It is critical to think over and review every regulation whether or not it is necessary to provide the rules of business activities and how we make this regulation work more effective.
Despite of its importance in national economy, in particular,ssmall-and medium sized businessecompanies have less been highlighted, compared with big corporations, and they have had difficult times due to depression. In this context, this study is aimed at exploring a venue to review the level of
regulatory quality related to business start-up and seeking a way to improve such quality, promoting the business activities of small-and medium sized companies that have shrunk.
For so doing, this study established the normative indicators of regulatory quality, compared the regulatory quality related to the business start-up of small-and medium sized companies among OECD countries. And the study also tried to illuminate what kinds of efforts OECD countries have devoted to improve regulatory quality and what impacts those efforts had to the improvement of regulatory quality. Through this comparative analysis, this study discussed the current quality of Korean regulations in starting small-and medium sized businesses and the implication of such evaluation.
As results of analyzing OECD and World Bank studies, it appeared that the Korean regulatory quality of starting small-and medium sized businesses ended up being ranked in the lowest group among OECD countries. Those studies commonly showed that the number of administrative procedures required and the cost are pretty high, while the duration is relatively short when a entrepreneur registers his or her company in Korea. This might imply that, by and large, Korea has a rather difficult regulatory environment to start a small-and medium sized company, and that therefore such environment is apt to work as an obstacle to sound economic activities.
Finally, it is still necessary to take consideration of overall regulatory mapping, the continuous and regular review of existing regulations, and the organic cooperation with local governments in enforcement stages. In this sense, it is important for the regulatory reform of small-and medium sized businesses start-up to deregulate or remove existing regulations, in order to simplify administrative procedures. However, it is more important to make realization of regulatory criteria to be implemented and to attempt to improve regulatory quality, by evaluating how rational the criteria of regulations currently defined and how effective the enforcement methods of regulations are.
주요 규제에 대한 규제품질의 비교 및 분석(A comparative analysis on the quality of regulations on starting business in OECD countries)
OECD 국가들의 중소기업창업관련 규제를 중심으로
|Subject Country||South Korea(Asia and Pacific)|
|Subject||Government and Law < Public Administration|