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균형발전 영향평가제도 도입방안 연구(A study on the introduction of balanced development impact assessment)

Related Document
Frame of Image 의 불균형 발전을 시정하기 위한 것입니다. 지금까지 국가재정의 예산편성은 경제적 효율성 을 중시하여 왔으나, 국가균형발전을 위한 재정의 역할을 강화하 는 것이 본 제도의 도입취지라고 볼 수 있습니다. 본 제도는 국가재정사업의 예산편성 기능을 강화하여, 수도권 의 과밀을 억제하고, 지방의 균형발전을 도모하는데 기여토록 하 기 위한 것입니다. 국가재정사업의 예산편성시 그 사업이 가져올 국가균형발전의 영향을 검토하는 것은 예산혁신의 출발입니다. 지금까지 관례에 의해 편성되던 재정사업의 예산편성도 이 제도 의 도입으로 한 번 더 국가균형발전의 정책목표를 고려하는 계 기가 되어, 정부의 국가균형발전 의지를 확인하는 계기가 되고 있습니다. 언제나 제도도입기에는 혁신적인 연구자들의 창의적인 노력 과 희생이 담보되어 왔습니다. 우리나라에서 처음으로 도입하는
본 제도의 도입방안을 성심성의껏 연구해 준 국토연구원의 조남 행 건 이용우 연구위원과 본 과업의 업무수행을 잘 관리해준 한국 정연구원의 권오성 팀장에게 감사의 말씀을 전하고 싶습니다. 모쪼록 본 연구가 국가균형영향평가를 제도적으로 도입하고 정 착시키는데 기여함으로서 혁신예산제도의 발전에 기여하길 바랍 니다.
2005년 12월 國 究 金
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제1장
연구의 개요 ··············································································· 1
제1절 연구의 필요성 및 목적 ·························································· 1 제2절 연구의 주요내용 ······································································· 4
제2장
균형발전의 개념 정의 ···························································· 5
제1절 사전적 정의 ··············································································· 5 제2절 기존 연구 검토 ········································································· 5 9 제3절 균형발전의 개념 정리 ·························································· 1
제3장
제도 도입의 필요성 ······························································ 20
제1절 수도권 집중현상 ····································································· 2 0 제2절 지역별 현황분석 ····································································· 2 2 제3절 설문조사 ······················


Full Text
Title 균형발전 영향평가제도 도입방안 연구(A study on the introduction of balanced development impact assessment)
Similar Titles
Material Type Reports
Author(Korean)

조남건

Publisher

서울:한국행정연구원

Date 2005-12
Pages 180
Subject Country South Korea(Asia and Pacific)
Language Korean
File Type Documents
Original Format pdf
Subject Government and Law < Public Administration
Holding 한국행정연구원

Abstract

The Government has introduced the Presidential Committee on Balanced National Development, the Balanced National Development Act, the Five-year Plan for Balanced National Development, and a Special Fund for Balanced National Development as the institutional foundation to accomplish balanced national development. And the Government has been taking strong initiatives in constructing the new administrationcomplex city, etc.
However, the effects of the balanced national development policies may not be equally distributed over the nation without considering regional equity in allocating governmental budgets. Thus, an “Balanced Development Impact Assessment System(BaDIAS)” is introduced to evaluate the impacts of
government-financed projects on national balanced development and then, decide their location, size, and project management.
The goal of this study is to develop the theoretical foundation, assessment checklists and methods for the successful application of the BaDIAS. The purpose of the system is to emphasize the roles of financing system to balanced national development. Under the system, government-financed projects will be evaluated its effects on balanced development by regions and the evaluation results will be used to decide the approval, location selection, continuation/closure of the projects so that the system could alleviate the overcrowd of the Seoul Capital Region and contribute to balanced national development.
The System could be applied to both new and existing projects by specific checklists. The checklists for projects locating in the Seoul Capital Region include some items on the nature of project, national competition, financial burdens, locational rationale, socioeconomic and demographic costs. The checklists for projects locating in the other region include some items on the alleviation of the overcrowd of the Seoul Capital Region, and the regional
development including regional economy, the quality of life, and regional innovation capacity.
Assessment methods could be a basic-unit method, a balanced development index system, or a weighted checklist method. The introduction and application of the BaDIAS may require its objectivity and scientific foundation and need to apply the basic evaluation unit of balanced development to publically-funded projects.
The BaDIAS requires the prior consultation with the Ministry of Planning and Budget and should submit to the Ministry the evaluation report of the contribution of each ministry's budget allocations to balanced national development. Then, the Ministry reviews the reports which could be reflected on final budget allocation decision.
The impact assessment responsibility of balanced national development is currently assigned to the budget managers of each Ministry but an impact assessment manual is yet formulated so that the impact assessment activities is being undertaken by rule-of-thumb. Thus, the assessment reports of government-financed projects are rough and have the lack of evaluation rationale on the impacts on balanced national development. It may be necessary to introduce so called a
“Balanced Development Impact Assessment Center” that could contribute to an objective, fair, and scientific impact assessment of balanced development.