The purpose of this paper is to study the causes and the types of corruption in regard to public policy and to come up with suggestions on how to reform the anti-corruption system.
The contents of the paper are as follows: chapter 2 deals with the definition of government policy and corruption and a look into corruption in each phase of policy decision-making, implementation, and evaluation, and then an analysis framework for policy corruption is provided. For each phase of government policy process, a set of evaluation factors are selected for study. In details, they are confidentiality, exclusion of participants, abstractness of value-judgment, and concentration of decision-making power for the policy decision-making phase; lack of objectiveness, complexity of
the implementation procedure, and discretion of civil servants for the policy implementation phase; objectiveness of evaluation criteria, subjectivity of evaluators, and restraints in evaluation
for the policy evaluation phase.
In chapter 3, actual corruption cases are analyzed and evaluated based on the analysis framework introduced in chapter 2. Chapter 4 provides suggestions on how to reform the anti-corruption system based on the case analysisof chapter 3. Reform measures suggested in chapter 4 are mainly the clarity of policy objectives, the establishment of democratic process in decision-making, and the ensuring of
the morality of decision-makers for the policy decision-making phase; ensuring of fairness and transparency, and objectiveness in implementation, and ways to optimize the level of discretion of civil servants for the implementation phase; and ensuring of the objectiveness of evaluation
criteria, receiving and utilizing feedback on evaluation results for the evaluation phase. Finally, the summary of the study and its implications are provided in chapter 5.
정책과정별 부패방지시스템 혁신방안(Suggestions on anti-corruption system reform for government policy process)
|Subject Country||South Korea(Asia and Pacific)|
|Subject||Government and Law < Public Administration|