Regulatory impact analysis(RIA) is a series of processes that analyze possible impacts caused by regulations in a systemic and practical manner and provide information with policymakers as a objective rationale of regulatory policymaking. It is an important tool of managing regulatory quality. In Korea RIA was introduced in 1998, in order to refrain the unnecessary creation of new regulations, to minimize social costs incurred, and to enhance the efficiency of regulatory implementation.
Unlike the initial intention, however, sufficient analyses have not been implemented due to the lack of time, money and personnel. This has led to drawing inaccurate findings in analyzing regulatory impacts. Because of this, the RIA conducted have not contributed much to minimizing uncertainty in future, providing the rationale for the validity of regulations, and enhancing the comparability between regulatory alternatives.
To solve this problem and improve the level of RIA, previous studies focused on offering the textbook or the guideline of RIA. These studies, however, ignored the contexts to be considered in conducting RIA, such as regulatory types and characteristics. In this respect, this study attempts to elevate the practicability, relevance and avaliability of RIA by presenting a model which enable to make out a standarized case in accordance with regulatory areas.
For doing so, this study conducts a theoretical review, including the concept, approach, and method of RIA. And then, the study discusses the characteristics of regulations of such areas as finance, energy industry, industrial safety and food safety, and analyzes regulatory impact statements made out from January 1st in 2005 to June 30th in 2006.
The study puts a primary focus on analyzing what problems there were in writing regulatory impact statements by evaluating factors. It also presents the foreign cases of regulatory impact analysis which may help public officials understand how regulatory impact statement should be written. Finally, it offers standardized cases of four areas mentioned above in accordance with newly revised guideline of regulatory impact analysis and discusses the utilities and implications of such cases.
The study expects to contribute to public officials' implementing more concrete and appropriate regulatory impact analysis, helping them consider the contexts of their own areas. This may contribute to paving a way to implementing rational regulatory reform.
규제영향분석 표준사례작성(Framing standardized cases of regulatory impact analysis)
|Subject Country||South Korea(Asia and Pacific)|
|Subject||Government and Law < Public Administration|