The concept of 'national competitiveness' is very hard to be grasped even though there has been many discussions for a considerable amount of time. However it has been pointed out by many evaluation service agencies that it is closely connected to nation's economical and industrial capacity. In other words, national competitiveness is more closely related to economical and industrial areas of a country than its regulatory and administrative aspects.
There are several parameters that evaluation service agencies consider seriously in their evaluation of competitiveness. Two of the most important and highly
influential parameters are nation's economical achievement and overall efficiency. But there is one more parameter that cannot be looked over, that is, the level of corruption. It should be noted that these evaluators always measure a level of corruption of each country and reflect its score on their
Although a CPI(Corruption Perception Index) score doesn't take significant proportion in an assessment yet, we should note that there is a direct connection between CPI scores and national competitiveness. That is to say that the bigger a nation's competitiveness is, the higher its CPI score is and vice versa.
Therefore we need to prevent or relieve corruption effectively if we want to enhance national competitiveness.
From the fact that a CPI score takes only relatively small portion in an entire assessment result, we should understand that the better CPI score will bring indirect and long term positive effects into national competitiveness rather than direct and short term ones.
This study is to suggest effective solutions to prevent or relieve corruptions under the long term as well as the short term scope.
From the short term angle, it suggests to set up substantial policies to prevent against corruption. From the long term respect, first it analyses and reevaluates the current assessment system of effect of corruption and than from the fresh point of view suggests necessary actions must be taken.
We suggest following short term policies can be adopted to bring effective results in prevention of corruption.
First, an information system to record related data should be established. In this system a database will be established to contain every information related to corruption such as individual records of corrupt officials, plans of internal investigation and the results, court rulings against officials engaged in corruption cases, and prosecutor's investigation results about corruption cases and related officials.
Second, the prior control system needs to be improved. Ability to inspect and evaluate public official's property must be improved, which subsequently requires increase of inspection personnels and budgets, and systematic educational programs to enhance expertise of each agent.
Third, the ex post facto control system must be improved as well. To lay the heavy responsibility for their malpractice on corrupt officials, the government must confiscate their property obtained by misconducts and limit their re-hiring possibilities.
Fourth, the evaluation and feedback system should be improved. Based upon inspection reports and court rulings about corruption cases, deep analyses and researches must be implemented to identify causes of such misbehavior, which of course must be followed by correction of impaired systems or proceedings that generates corruptions.
Fifth, a viable public control system is also required. For a successful reform, a strong public control system must be institutionalized. From the long term scope, we should maximize the functions of the current assessment system of effect of corruption. For successful and most effective implementation of the system, this study suggests following policies.
First, subjects of such assessment can be categorized according to areas of corruption rather than limited by regulations or rules.
Second, whenever there rises a need to mend related provisions according to the assessment result, a mandatory comparative analysis, to be specific Cost-Benefit analysis, should be conducted beforehand to compare profits from an amendment and expenses to conduct the assessment.
Third, upon the assessment, social and political consideration must be reflected as part of the causes of corruption.
Forth, to cover any dead zones might occur in the assessment, constant monitoring and identification system to detect areas that requires tightened regulations must be developed.
Fifth, in every assessment, an approach from the long term angle rather than the short term angle, and from the comprehensive view point rather than the partial view point is required.
Sixth, along the assessment procedure, cooperation between private sectors and public sectors and citizen's participation is very important.
Seventh, to maximize the effect of such assessment, prior as well as ex post facto control instrument must be activated vigorously.
국가경쟁력 제고를 위한 부패문제 해소방안 연구(A study on the solutions to prevent corruption for the improvement of national competitiveness)
서울 : 한국행정연구원
|Subject Country||South Korea(Asia and Pacific)|
|Subject||Government and Law < Public Administration|