This study aims to explore factors that hinder small and medium business activities for technological innovation, for the transition of the Korean economy to a knowledge-based economy.
Joint research between industry and academia can improve research efficiency while reducing duplicate investments in R&D by utilizing research resources such as investments, workforce, facilities, and equipment, and integrating various complementary research subjects. In 1993, the Academia-Industry-Research Joint Technology Development Consortium Project was launched to solve problems related to technological development in small and medium businesses, by utilizing research workforces and resources for technological development in universities, along with the joint funds provided by central and local governments.
Launched by the joint effort of the Technology Innovation Center of the Ministry of Commerce, Industry and Energy and the Regional Research Center of the Ministry of Education and Science Technology, the Academia-Industry-Research Joint Technology Development Consortium Project was supported by the government funds for the purchase of research and experiment equipment and facilities, and utilized research resources available in engineering colleges in order to solve problems small and medium businesses had in the field. As a result, the project resulted in the creation of 433 consortiums and the participation of 6,997 companies, the formulation of 6,286 tasks, KRW 49.2 billion of government assistance, 822 utility models, the production of 2,693 test products, and the completion of 2,001 process improvements during the period from 1993 to 1999. Also, the project achieved the qualitative diversification of technology, the solution of on-site problems through advancement, and the improvement of the capacity for technology.
However, the joint project showed some problems, including differences in conception between the technological demands of small and medium sized businesses and the technological supply by colleges, insufficient applicable technological competence associated with businesses, impatience for the outcome of research by businesses, lack of the capacity to accommodate, and formality in assessing research findings and incorporating them in policies.
In order to solve these problems and reinforce the Academia-Industry-Research Joint Technology Development Consortium Project, respect for the autonomy of the participants, such as colleges, small and medium-sized businesses, and government organizations, is necessary. Also, the Consortium should be improved to complement weaknesses and optimize synergistic effects. Also, the introduction of the principle of market competition can be considered to enhance the practicality of the project.
산학간 공동 기술개발 활성화 방안(Measures for the vitalization of joint technological development between industry and academia)
산학연 공동기술개발 컨소시엄 사업을 중심으로
서울 : 산업연구원
|Series Title; No||KIET 산업경제|
|Subject Country||South Korea(Asia and Pacific)|
|Subject||Industry and Technology < Science/Technology|