To build a knowledge-based society, efficient human resource supply and demand systems need to be built, and deleterious effects that might be caused in the process need to be minimized. This study aims to diagnose human resources policy that Korea needs to consider to transition into a knowledge-based society.
In the knowledge-based society of the 21st century, the quality of human resources is more important than quantity. The development of human resources required to advance into a knowledge-based society can be successful only when a sufficient number of people equipped with the appropriate knowledge in relevant fields are provided. Therefore, the basic element of human resources policy is building systems to secure efficient supply and demand of human resources.
Policy tasks to build the systems include the improvement of education and training systems. More specifically, to:
1) Stress the importance of independent thinking rather than test-centered education, strengthen IT education, foster knowledge creativity within undergraduate and graduate schools, and reinforce basic education to enhance creativity and learning ability by securing excellent teachers and helping them improve their teaching ability
2) Emphasize the importance of field education, and strengthen vocational education and training by improving vocational capability systems
3) Build various educational channels by increasing types of education and training institutions, and increasing mobility within education systems
Also necessary is the continuous analysis of supply and demand through studies on employment structure and impact of the knowledge-based industry on human resources supply and demand, a flexible labor market and improvement in the infrastructure of the labor market through cooperative relationship between labor and management, enhancement in transparency and efficiency in the business management system (creating competitive and flexible supply and demand environment through knowledge management), providing continuous learning opportunity to prepare for the elimination, division, and convergence of jobs, and building life-long education and training systems.
In a knowledge-based society, individuals are evaluated based on the quantity and quality of knowledge they have, and the development of human resources are organically maximized through competition. An emphasis on knowledge, however, could cause deleterious effects including a weakened sense of community, stronger individualism, excessive competition, polarization of jobs (income and employment opportunities), a widened income disparity, an increase in unemployment, et cetera.
In order to reduce and prevent these effects, it is necessary to strengthen education and training for the underprivileged (the unemployed, the elderly, individuals in low income brackets, minors from unsupportive family environments) and build social safety nets to secure basic livelihood.
지식기반사회를 향한 인력정책의 방향(Direction of human resources policy to build a knowledge-based society)
|Series Title; No||KIET 산업경제|
|Subject Country||South Korea(Asia and Pacific)|
|Subject||Social Development < Employment|