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Industry-science linkage

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Frame of Image mbining research and training and the more complex type of research institute emerged in the early 20th century in the US with a highly decentralized scientific system. At each of these turning points, the center of scientific activity shifted to the country where the innovation occurred, and innovations were eventually diffused to other countries, raising the general level of activity everywhere. A high rate of complementary public and private investments in R&D is a prerequisite for sustained innovation performance, and ensuring such complementarity requires governments to be responsive to the rapid transformation of innovation processes and related business needs and strategies. Greater use of public-private partnership can increase this responsiveness and enhance the efficiency and cost-effectiveness of technology and innovation policy. The performance of an innovation system depends now more than in the past on the intensity and effectiveness of the interactions between the main actors in the generation and diffusion of knowledge. Industry-science relationship (ISR) plays an important role in the development of fast growing new industries and in training, retaining and attracting highly qualified labor. As a result, science-industry linkages have grown in importance as a central concern for policy. The role of science during the catching-up process is two-folded: source of absorptive capability and provider of public knowledge for industry. Interactions between the techn


Full Text
Title Industry-science linkage
Similar Titles
Material Type Reports
Author(English)

Park, Joon-kyung

Publisher

[Seoul]:Korea Development Institute

Date 2003-12
Series Title; No Research Monograph / 2003-01
Pages 139
Subject Country South Korea(Asia and Pacific)
Language English
File Type Documents
Original Format pdf
Subject Industry and Technology < Science/Technology
Holding KDI; KDI School

Abstract

The social role of scientists appeared first as a vague idea in the 17th century Europe. The role of experimental philosopher and scientific academies emerged in England. In the later half of the 18th century, the government-supported academy and the employment of scientists in various educational and consultative capacities emerged in France. In the middle of the 19th century, the combination of teaching with research in the role of the professor and the research laboratory emerged in Germany. In the early 20th century, the trained professional researchers and the department combining research and training and the more complex type of research institute emerged in the US. At each of these turning points, the center of scientific activity shifted to the country where the innovation occurred, and innovations in the organization and use of science were eventually diffused to other countries, raising the general level of activity everywhere. (The rest omitted)