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Environmental impact assessment system

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Frame of Image Environment (MOE) and the Framework Act on Environmental Policy. The Prior Environmental Review System (PERS) was partially introduced in 1993 and it was fully implemented through the revision of Framework Act on Environmental Policy and Enforcement Decree of the Act in 2006. PERS introduced the concept of Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA), which is an advancement of the EIA system in the aspect that it reviews the environment in the conceptual design stage of the administrative plan and development project. E I A systems in Korea are divided into three
types which are SEA, EIA, and Small Scale EIA. SEA is to review the appropriateness of the pertinent plan and feasibility of a location from an environmental stand point. And the EIA is to provide environment conservation measures and alternatives that are economically and technically available for sustainable development. The major related parties of environmental assessment are MOE, professional review organization and licensed EIA consulting agents.
MOE assumes the consultation of environmental assessment and supervise post monitoring of the EIA. Distinctively, Korean EIA system has a professional reviewing organization, Korea Environment Institute (KEI) which is a government - supported research institute. With them the licensed EIA consulting agents help to prepare the environmental impact statement (EIS), post EIA reports, and simplified assessment reports.
Ⅱ. Changes of Environmental Impact Assessment Acts and Re


Full Text
Title Environmental impact assessment system
Similar Titles
Material Type Reports
Author(English)

Cho, Kong Jang; Ro, Tae Ho

Publisher

[Seoul]:Korea Environment Institute; Ministry of Environment

Date 2012
Journal Title; Vol./Issue Korea Environmental Policy Bulletin:vol. X(no. 2)
Pages 11
Subject Country South Korea(Asia and Pacific)
Language English
File Type Documents
Original Format pdf
Subject Territorial Development < Environment
Government and Law
Holding KEI; Ministry of Environment

Abstract

Environmental Impact Assessment(EIA) System has continuously been improved since it has been implemented in 1977 with the revision of Environmental Conservation Act.
Environmental pollution as a side effect of the economic growth in 1970s raised the need for pollution prevention. It paved the road for Ministry of Health and Social Affairs to get involved in pollution problems by development project. In 1990s a full scale framework of EIA system was prepared with the establishment of Ministry of Environment (MOE) and the Framework Act on Environmental Policy. The Prior Environmental Review System (PERS) was partially introduced in 1993 and it was fully implemented through the revision of Framework Act on Environmental Policy and Enforcement Decree of the Act in 2006. (The rest omitted)