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해외부문과의 잠재적 경쟁과 시장구조에 대한 실증분석(Empirical analysis of potential foreign competition and market structures) : 제조업을 중심으로(Evidence in Korean manufacturing)

Related Document
Frame of Image 는 것으로서 국내시장조건의 변화에 따라 추 가적으로 발생할 수 있는 잠재적 경쟁의 정도를 반영하지 못하는 문제 점이 있다. 또한 우리나라와 같은 소규모 개방경제체제하에서 중요한 요소인 해외로부터의 경쟁의 정도를 측정하지 못하는 한계도 가지고 있다. 본 보고서는 이러한 배경하에 해외로부터의 잠재적 경쟁에 분석의 초점을 두어 해외로부터의 잠재적 경쟁이 존재하는가의 여부와 국내시 장구조의 변화에 따라 해외로부터의 잠재적 경쟁이 어떠한 차이를 가지 는가에 대한 실증분석을 시도하고 있다. 이러한 분석의 결과는 경쟁정 책의 수립 및 시행에 있어 해외부문으로부터의 잠재적 경쟁 역시 중요 요소 중의 하나로 고려할 필요성을 시사하고 있다. 해외부문으로부터의 잠재적 경쟁이 각 산업별로 어느 정도 존재하고 있는가의 여부에 대해 서는 추가적인 분석이 필요하다고 할 수 있으나 본 보고서의 내용은 경 쟁정책의 효율성을 제고시키기 위한 기초자료로 활용될 수 있을 것으로 기대한다.
저자들은 연구의 기획부터 최종세미나에 이르기까지 여러 단계에서 귀중한 조언과 건설적 비판을 아끼지 않은 본원의 유정호 박사, 차문중 박사, 한진희 박사, 박창균 박사, 연태훈 박사 등 동료 박사들에게 깊은 감사를 표하고 있다. 또한 기초자료의 제공에 도움을 주신 김동석 박사 와 이재형 박사, 보고서를 개선하는 데 많은 도움을 주신 두 분의 검토 자들, 통계자료의 처리에 도움을 준 이상무 연구원과 박성화 연구원 그 리고 원고를 마무리하는 데 도움을 준 정진욱․김현애 연구행정원에게 도 감사를 표하고 있다. 끝으로 본 보고서에 제시된 의견은 저자들의 개인적인 의견이며 본 원의 공식견해가 아님을 밝히고자 한다.
2004년 12월
한국개발연구원 원장
김중수
목
발간사
차
요 약 ·································································································· 1 제1장 서 론 ······· ··········· ·········· ·········· ··········· ·········· ·········· ··········· ······ 5 제2장 경쟁도 지표에 대한 이론적․실증적 논의 ········· ········ ········ 10
제1절 경쟁도 지표의 문제점 ······················································· 10 1. 성과지수 ············································································· 10 2. 구조지수 ············································································· 11 제2절 선행연구 ············································································· 14 1. 국내선행연구 ·····················


Full Text
Title 해외부문과의 잠재적 경쟁과 시장구조에 대한 실증분석(Empirical analysis of potential foreign competition and market structures)
Similar Titles
Sub Title

제조업을 중심으로(Evidence in Korean manufacturing)

Material Type Reports
Author(Korean)

조성빈

Publisher

서울:한국개발연구원

Date 2004
Series Title; No 정책포럼 / 2004-03
Pages 59
Subject Country South Korea(Asia and Pacific)
Language Korean
File Type Documents
Original Format pdf
Subject Economy < Trade
Holding 한국개발연구원: KDI 국제정책대학원

Abstract

The purpose of this study is to analyze the relationship between potential foreign competition and domestic market structures, as well as suggest policies for promoting competition for structuring the domestic market.
To effectively implement competition policy, it is necessary to accurately measure and evaluate the market structure. In doing so, figures such as the concentration ratio and Hirschman-Herfindahl Index are widely used, along with the import penetration ratio, which supplements concentration figures to reflect foreign competition. However, these indices focus on the current state of the market structure while ignoring the possibility that changes in market conditions could induce potential competitors.
In Korea, potential foreign competition is one of the factors in determining the relevant market; however, it seems that dynamic externalities such as the response of foreign sectors to changes in market conditions receive relatively little attention. On the contrary, the U.S, Japan, Canada, and the European Union all agree that potential foreign competition should be considered in evaluating antitrust cases. Other countries also adopt a similar approach to antitrust cases by considering the importance of potential foreign competition.
Current period import penetration ratios are statistically and significantly associated with the previous period profit margin, but not with the current period profit margin, which suggests a lag in the effects of potential foreign competition. This time lag effect seems to be due to adjustment costs for trade diversion. Also, ceteris paribus, domestic market structure measured by the concentration ratio is negatively related to the import penetration ratio. That is, the more concentrated an industry, the lower the import penetration ratio. When grouping industries according to their concentration distribution, the above findings become more pronounced. For the group with a concentration ratio greater than the 50th percentile, the existence of foreign potential competition turns out to be more significant. But this is not the case for the group with a concentration ratio lower than the 50th percentile.
In summary, findings of this research are as follows: First, there exists statistically significant potential foreign competition, which occurs with a time lag of one year. Second, a greater degree of potential foreign competition is more associated with highly concentrated industries than with less concentrated industries. It is necessary to consider potential foreign competition when assessing the domestic market structure in order to measure the degree of competition in a more complete manner.