The shares of skilled workers in labor markets and industries outside the capital region underwent a gradual decline from 41.9 percent in 2000 to 33.6 percent in 2012.Between 2008 and 2012, high-technology sectors hired an additional 130,000 skilled workers nationwide, 92.4 percent of which were in the capital region. Only 7.6 percent of these workers were hired by businesses elsewhere in the country.
● However, an increase in unskilled labor occurred in non-capital regions, which suggests that the distribution of skilled labor across the country is becoming increasingly polarized.
The main reasons non-capital regions saw a decline in the number of skilled workers across all sectors is the growing concentration of research and development (R&D) facilities in the capital region, declining investment in public R&D in non-capital regions, and unsatisfying results of efforts to promote regional university-industry cooperation.Concerns continue to rise over the disappearing opportunities for industrial innovation in non-capital regions, where most manufacturers and factory workers are located, as the skilled workforce shrinks. This change will increase the possibility of these regions becoming unable to achieve technical advancements, as they will be forced to rely too heavily on manufacturing.
To achieve sustainable industrial development and mitigate the decline in growth, it is necessary to promote the foundation for and maintain a competitive industrial ecosystem in the manufacturing clusters and metropolitan cities of the non-capital regions and actively deploy resources to ensure the growth of exceptional, skilled workers in these regions.
지역의 산업기술인력 실태와 정책적 대응방향(Regional analysis of skilled labor and policy implications)
|Series Title; No||e-KIET 산업경제정보 / 2014-10|
|Subject Country||South Korea(Asia and Pacific)|
|Subject||Social Development < Employment|
|Holding||KIET; KDI School|