콘텐츠 바로가기
로그인
컨텐츠

Category Open

Resources

tutorial

Collection of research papers and materials on development issues

home

Resources
Economy Trade

Print

대중국 교역구조의 변화 추이와 거시경제적 시사점(Changes in trade structure between China and Korea and macroeconomic implications)

Related Document
Frame of Image 국제통상환경 의 변화 추이를 살펴보면서 중장기적인 한․중 양국 간의 교역구조 변 화 양상을 전망하고 있다. 특히 Hummels and Klenow(2005)의 분석방식 을 차용하여 우리나라 대중 수출품목이 얼마나 다양한 품목으로 구성되 어 있으며, 실제 우리가 수출하는 품목들을 기준으로 경쟁력 변화 추이 를 고찰하고 있다. 본 보고서는, 중국시장에서 여타 경쟁국 대비 우리나라의 상대적 시 장점유율은 1992~2007년의 분석기간 중 비약적으로 증가하였는데, 이는 기술수준별로는 고기술제품이, 제품형태별로는 부품 및 자본재의 수출 호조세에 기인했음을 확인하고 있다. 이러한 시장점유율 상승요인은 수 출제품의 다양성 증가보다는 부품 및 자본재 등 우리가 경쟁력을 가지 고 있는 부문에서의 수출집약도의 증가에 기인한다는 점도 제시하고 있 다. 아울러 최근 중국시장 점유율 증가세가 약간 정체상태에 머무르고 있기는 하나, 우리나라의 수출구조와 중국의 수입구조 간의 상호 보완
성은 여전히 높아지는 추세인 것도 확인하고 있다. 본 보고서는 제품의 다양성 및 집약도 분석, 수출지속성 분석 등 관 련 국내 문헌에서 시도되지 않았던 새로운 분석방식을 이용하여 우리나 라 대중국 수출구조에 대한 이해도를 제고하고 있다는 점에서 연구의 의의를 찾을 수 있다. 저자는 연구과정에서 귀중한 조언과 격려를 아끼지 않은 경희대학교 의 최용석 교수와 본원의 동료 연구위원들에게 깊은 감사의 뜻을 표하 고 있다. 아울러 보고서를 개선하는 데 커다란 도움을 준 익명의 검토자 두 분, 통계자료의 정리 및 분석에 수고로움을 아끼지 않은 김승주 연구 원에게 깊이 감사하고 있다. 끝으로 본 보고서의 내용은 저자의 개인적인 의견이며 본원의 공식 견해가 아님을 밝혀두는 바이다. 2008년 12월 한국개발연구원 원장
현정택
목
발간사
차
요 약 ·································································································· 1 제1장 서 론 ······· ··········· ·········· ·········· ··········· ·········· ·········· ··········· ······ 5
제1절 연구의 배경 ···· ···· ····· ···· ····· ···· ····· ···· ····· ···· ····· ···· ····· ···· ····· ···· ··· 5 제2절 보고서의 구성 ······································································· 8
제2장 중국 교역구조의 고찰 ······· ···················· ···················· ············· 9
제1절 중국 교역구조의 주요 특징 ··················································· 9 1. 외국인투자기업 중심의 교역구조 ·· ··· ··· ···· ··· ···· ·


Full Text
Title 대중국 교역구조의 변화 추이와 거시경제적 시사점(Changes in trade structure between China and Korea and macroeconomic implications)
Similar Titles
Material Type Reports
Author(Korean)

이시욱

Publisher

서울:한국개발연구원

Date 2008
Series Title; No 정책연구시리즈 / 2008-15
Pages 94
Subject Country China(Asia and Pacific)
South Korea(Asia and Pacific)
Language Korean
File Type Documents
Original Format pdf
Subject Economy < Trade
Holding KDI; KDI School

Abstract

The purpose of this study is to review the recent changes in export structure between Korea and China by applying various analytic methods. The study also seeks to forecast future conditions surrounding the long-term trade structure between the two countries.
By looking into the analytic method used by Hummels and Klenow (2005) to identify Korea’s increasing export proportion in the Chinese market in terms of product diversity and concentration, during the period between 2000 and 2006, it is evident that product diversity had slightly decreased while product concentration increased by 19%. This indicates that Korea’s export products to China are mostly focused on components and capital goods, in which Korea has the higher competitive advantage in. Also, the study shows that parts and capital goods enjoy better durability than other products such as primary products and consumer goods. While around 75% of primary products, high-tech semi-manufactured-goods, and high-tech consumer goods were no longer exported after four years, exports on parts and capital goods continuously stabilized at around 15 % in 1992-2006.
Moreover, according to the product supplementary index, the complementary relationship between Korea’s export structure and China’s import structure was more favorable than that with Japan. Even though the growth rate of Korea’s export share in the Chinese market has been at a standstill, the complementary relationship between Korea’s export structure and China’s import structure still shows an increasing trend.
In conclusion, it appears tha China has served as a positive opportunity factor for the Korean economy through exports. When considering the highly complementary relationship between China’s import structure and Korea’s export relationship, there is potential for positive growth. However, it is expected that the rise in production cost will result in companies’ transferring their production bases and technology competitive advantage from Korea to China. It is recommended that in order to maintain Korea’s positive growth in exports to China, policy considerations should be made for consistently converting components and capital goods to high value-added products and enhancing the diversity and competitive edge of consumer exports goods that target the Chinese market.