One of the major impacts of population aging will be in the healthcare industry, as medical expenses and the demand for long-term care services will increase dramatically. As healthcare costs per capita for senior citizens are already three to four times higher than those for younger age groups, government expenditure on healthcare and long-term care services is expected to undergo a massive increase as the demographic shift progresses.The government currently covers the majority of medical fees nationwide. Therefore, it is necessary to seek ways of forecasting healthcare costs and mitigating the financial burden on the government. The provision of care services also requires long-term planning in order to minimize error.
Chapter 1 of this report employs a stochastic clock model in an attempt to forecast the expenses of health insurance schemes and the amounts of national healthcare assistance in the future. This novel method of prediction compensates for the weaknesses of existing models, thus helping improve the accuracy of the analysis. Chapter 2 discusses the use of supply-side, cost-sharing strategies in other countries and whether Korea should adopt any of these measures, as they have the potential to reduce the cost burden on the government dramatically. Chapter 3 examines the reformatory efforts that have been made since the 1990s to overcome the limitations of supply-side direct regulations. It also attempts to examine the different aspects of the changes in the roles of the government and the patient that have been induced by the efforts to offset rising hospital costs, and infer their significance to the National Health Insurance Service. Chapter 4 considers the experiences of developed countries with finance schemes for long-term care services. The implications of building an ideal structure for the distribution of financial resources in Korea were drawn with a focus on how various types of distribution structures correspond to the existing social welfare system, healthcare, and the cultural basis of society. Lastly, Chapter 5 reviews advanced studies that have been done on the factors contributing to the demand for elderly care services and examines the provisional structure of long-term care services in developed countries, with the aim of developing plans for the development of a long-term care service network in Korea.
인구고령화와 보건 의료(Population aging and healthcare)
서울 : 한국개발연구원
|Series Title; No||연구보고서 / 05-10-03|
|Subject Country||South Korea(Asia and Pacific)|
|Subject||Social Development < Population
Social Development < Health
|Holding||KDI; KDI School|