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Energy systems in the 21st century “navigating a stormy future”

Related Document
Frame of Image  resources – Oil – Gas – Coal – Nuclear? 2.Renewable resources – Sun – Wind – Biomass – Geo-thermal – Tidal
Energy consumption
• Energy is at the heart of each economy (electricity, transport, heat) • 86% of world energy demand is supplied by fossil fuels (oil, gas, coal) • Proved reserves: oil = 53y, gas = 55y, coal = 113y • Main consumer by region: – Asia Pacific: 47% (China 28%) – North America: 25% – EU: 14% • G20 is main driver due to strong economic growth and consumption
Economic Growth is Positively Correlated with Energy Use
Source, IEA, 2010
Critical economical factors of Energy Use
• Energy intensity (energy consumption/ GDP) • Energy efficiency (eg energy cons./ t of cement, steel etc) • Import dependency [%], production vs consumption • Reserves to production ratio [years]
Distribution of Proved Oil Reserves
Asia Pacific 2013
2003
1993
Middle East
Source: Bpstats, 2014
Oil production & consumption by region
Production Consumption
Asia Pacific
Europe & Eurasia
/BPstats2014/
North America
Oil consumption per capita
Ton of oil/capita
/BPstats2014/
Energy Intensity/Efficiency
Winners and Losers
Effect on trade balance of a rise in oil prices of $15 per barrel, as % of GDP
Thailand South Korea South Africa Euro Area Brazil
Japan
United States China Mexico Russia Nigeria Saudi Arabia
Source: J.P. Morgan, The Economist estimates, September 9th 2000
11
World Coal production & Consumption
Production
Consumption
Asia Pacific
World Renewable Energy production & consumption


Full Text
Title Energy systems in the 21st century “navigating a stormy future”
Similar Titles
Project Category Capacity Building Workshops
Material Type Proceedings
Author(English)

Anbumozhi, Venkatachalam

Publisher

[Sejong]:KDI School of Public Policy and Management

Date 2015
Event

Energy System in the 21st Century

Project Capacity Building Workshops
Pages 55
Subject Country Eastern Asia(Asia and Pacific)
South-Eastern Asia(Asia and Pacific)
Language English
File Type Documents
Original Format pdf
Subject Industry and Technology < Energy
Holding KDI School