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Regulation of university admission quotas in metropolitan areas and the competition between universities

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Frame of Image en Universities
Jaehoon Kim, Fellow at KDI
“ The excessive demand for universities in metropolitan areas as a result of location premiums and regulated admission quotas diminishes the competition between universities and the incentive to enhance educational performance to attract more students. Case in point are the lower graduate employment rates (measure of educational performance) of universities in metropolitan areas compared to those in non-metropolitan areas despite higher quality students. Additionally, the graduate employment rate of non-metropolitan universities are influenced by educational input factors such as an increase in the percentage of courses taught by full-time faculty while that of metropolitan universities are contingent merely on enrollees’ entrance scores. Ergo, a structure that revitalizes the competition between universities and encourages them to improve their education services must be established in order to enhance the quality of higher education.”
Ⅰ. Introduction
Despite boasting the highest university enrollment rate in the world, Korea’s university education is plagued with low graduate employment rates and poor educational performance, precipitating the need to address the root causes and establish effective countermeasures. In the case of universities in advanced countries, the answer lies in
KDI FOCUS
2
heightening autonomy and competition. Private universities in the US have long since enjoyed freedom from government regulations and the e


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Title Regulation of university admission quotas in metropolitan areas and the competition between universities
Similar Titles
Material Type Articles
Author(English)

Kim, Jaehoon

Publisher

[Sejong]:Korea Development Institute

Date 2015
Journal Title; Vol./Issue KDI FOCUS:통권 제60호
Pages 12
Subject Country South Korea(Asia and Pacific)
Language English
File Type Documents
Original Format pdf
Subject Social Development < Education
Holding Korea Development Institute; KDI School

Abstract

The excessive demand for universities in metropolitan areas as a result of location premiums and regulated admission quotas diminishes the competition between universities and the incentive to enhance educational performance to attract more students. Case in point are the lower graduate employment rates (measure of educational performance) of universities in metropolitan areas compared to those in non-metropolitan areas despite higher quality students. Additionally, the graduate employment rate of non-metropolitan universities are influenced by educational input factors such as an increase in the percentage of courses taught by full-time faculty while that of metropolitan universities are contingent merely on enrollees’ entrance scores. Ergo, a structure that revitalizes the competition between universities and encourages them to improve their education services must be established in order to enhance the quality of higher education.

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